## THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

### SIMULATION OF TURBULENT FLOW AND HEAT TRANSFER OVER A BACKWARD FACING STEP WITH RIBS TURBULATORS

**ABSTRACT**

Simulation is presented for a backward facing step flow and heat transfer inside a channel with ribs turbulators. The problem was investigated for Reynolds numbers up to 32000. The effect of a step height, the number of ribs and the rib thickness on the flow and thermal field were investigated. The computed results are presented as streamlines counters, velocity vectors and graphs of Nusselt number and turbulent kinetic energy variation. A control volume method employing a staggered grid techniques was imposed to discretize the governing continuity, full Navier Stockes and energy equations. A computer program using a SIMPLE algorithm was developed to handle the considered problem. The effect of turbulence was modeled by using a k-є model with its wall function formulas. The obtained results show that the strength and size of the re-circulation zones behind the step are increased with the increase of contraction ratio(i.e. with the increase of a step height). The size of recirculation regions and the reattachment length after the ribs are decreased with increasing of the contraction ratio. Also the results show that the Reynolds number and contraction ratio have a significant effect on the variation of turbulent kinetic energy and Nusselt number.

**KEYWORDS**

PAPER SUBMITTED: 2009-09-26

PAPER REVISED: 2010-05-04

PAPER ACCEPTED: 2010-06-06

**THERMAL SCIENCE** YEAR

**2011**, VOLUME

**15**, ISSUE

**Issue 1**, PAGES [245 - 255]

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