International Scientific Journal


The aim of the paper is to describe how inexpensive/simple physics equipment was fabricated and used in the determination of thermal conductivity of rock samples. We used the experimental techniques known as transient method of measuring thermal properties of rock samples at ambient temperature. We investigated samples found in five locations/region (Ewekoro, Ile-Ife, Igara, Ago-Iwoye, Abeokuta) in South western Nigeria. Those samples are limestone, dolerite, marble, gneiss, and granite. Although the samples are multi-mineral as revealed by photomicrograph, the thermal conductivity results obtained 1.40, 1.50, 1.57, 1.75, and 2.94 W/m°C, respectively, are found to be consistent with the ones in literature where highly expensive and sophisticated (not easily affordable in developing nation) equipment are used. .
PAPER REVISED: 2007-11-17
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2007-11-27
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2008, VOLUME 12, ISSUE Issue 2, PAGES [119 - 128]
  1. Adegoke, O. S., Stratigraphy and Paleontology of the Ewekoro Formation (Paleocene) of Southern Nigeria, Bulletin of American Paleontology, 71 (1977), pp. 1-397
  2. Sidorova, I. P., Thermophysical Anomalies in Rocks, Uncovered by Deep Boreholes Sg-10 (Central Kyzylkums, Western Uzbekistan), IUGG Abstract, 2003
  3. Kappelmayer, O., Haenel, R., Geothermics with Special References to Application, Gebrüder Borntraegen, Belin, Stuttgart, pp. 1-23 and 203-222, 1974
  4. Woodside, W., Messmer, J. H., Thermal Conductivity of Porous Media, Journal of Applied Physics, 32 (1961), pp. 1688-1689
  5. Horai, K., Simmons, G., Thermal Conductivity of Rock-Forming Minerals, Earth Planet Science Letter, 6 (1969), pp. 359-360
  6. Sass, J. H., Lachenbruch, A. H., Munroe, K. J., Thermal Conductivity of Rocks from Measurement or Fragments and its Application to Heat Determinations, Journal of Geophysical Research, 76 (1971), pp. 3391-3401
  7. Middleton, M. F., A Transient Method of Measuring the Thermal Properties of Rocks; Geophysics, 58 (1993), 3, pp. 357-365
  8. Muotoh, E. O. G., et al., The Muro Hills Banded Iron-Formation, in: Precambrian Geology of Nigeria (A publication of the Geological Survey), 1988, p. 219
  9. Carslaw, H. S., Jaeger, J. C., Conduction of Heat in Solids, Oxford Univ. Press, Inc., Oxford, UK
  10. Prensky, S., Temperature Measurement in Boreholes: An overview of Engineering and Scientific Applications, The log Analyst, 33 (1992), 3, pp. 313-333
  11. Blackwell, D. D., Steele, J. L., Thermal Conductivity of Sedimentary Rocks: Measurement and Significance, in: Thermal History of Sedimentary Basins, Methods and Case Histories (Eds. N. D. Naeser, T. H. Mc Culloch), Springer-Verlag, New York, USA, 1989

© 2023 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, National Institute of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence