## THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

### Thermal Science - Online First

online first only
### Thermal-hydraulic performance of TiO2-water nanofluids in an offset strip fin heat exchanger

**ABSTRACT**

The flow and heat transfer characteristics of the TiO2-water nanofluid assuming as a single-phase in the rectangular offset strip fin structure for different Reynolds number (500-1000) and TiO2 nanoparticle volume concentration values (0%-4%) were investigated numerically under three-dimensional, steady state and laminar flow conditions. Simulations were also performed for 1% and 4% nanoparticle volume concentrations of Al2O3-water nanofluid, and the results were compared with those of TiO2-water nanofluid. Results show that when the TiO2-water nanofluid is used, the heat transfer rate, heat transfer coefficient and Nusselt number increase with increasing both Reynolds number and nanoparticle volume concentration, and parallel to these, both pressure loss and pumping power increase. Considering the values of the performance evaluation criteria (PEC) number, it is clear that the use of TiO2-water nanofluid in offset strip fin structure at all Reynolds numbers examined between 1%-4% volume concentration values is quite advantageous. It is observed that TiO2-water nanofluid is much superior to Al2O3-water considering the PEC number. When the Reynolds number is 1000 and the volume concentration value of the TiO2 nanoparticle is 4%, the PEC number value is found to be 1.19, that is, there is a 19% increase compared to water. It is considered that the results of this study can be used as important data on the design of automobile radiators, air-conditioning and defense.

**KEYWORDS**

PAPER SUBMITTED: 2020-10-19

PAPER REVISED: 2020-12-08

PAPER ACCEPTED: 2020-12-21

PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2021-02-06

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