THERMAL SCIENCE

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Experimental study on novel pulsating heat pipe radiator for horizontal CPU cooling under different wind speeds

ABSTRACT
Herein, a horizontal CPU cooler with a pulsating heat pipe (PHP) for cooling desktop computer was developed. In the experiment, an electric heating block was used to heat a copper plate to simulate the heating process of CPUs. The cooling system consists of a cooling fan and a pulsating heat pipe cooler. The influence of cooling wind speed and heat load on heat transfer performance, start-up performance, and temperature uniformity of the PHP cooler was analyzed by controlling variable method. The wind speed was set to be 0 m/s, 0.1 m/s, 0.3 m/s, 0.5 m/s and 0.7 m/s respectively. The contour plots were used to analyze the uniformity of temperature distribution due to cooler. The results show that the start-up of the PHP led to a decrease in temperature of CPUs. As the cooling wind speed increased, the start-up time of the php dropped, the start-up temperature dropped, and its stability was also improved. The operation at different cooling wind speeds also changed the start-up mode of the PHP. The start-up performance was best at cooling wind speed of 0.3 m/s. The contour plot for temperature showed that the temperature distribution of the PHP cooler became more uniform with increased cooling wind speeds. There was excellent temperature uniformity at the cooling wind speeds of 0.3 m/s and 0.7 m/s. When the cooling wind speed was 0.7 m/s, the minimum average thermal resistance was 0.51 K/W.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2020-07-29
PAPER REVISED: 2020-12-14
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2020-12-25
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2021-02-06
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI200729059S
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