International Scientific Journal

Thermal Science - Online First

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The influence of the hydrogen injection timing on the IC engine working cycle

From an ecological aspect, the hydrogen has all properties to be a very good fuel for IC engines. However the high combustion speed, as well as the possibility of backfire, is inconvenient properties of port injection. In this paper, the influence of the injection timing on the IC engine working cycle parameters (pressure and temperature) was investigated deeply. The investigation, of the injection timing influence on the IC engine working cycle parameters, was performed numerically by application of ANSYS software. It was observed the geometry of the real engine with added pre chamber, in order of layer mixture formation and pressure damping, because of high combustion speed. The results are presented for four cases with different injection timing and the same spark timing. By earlier injection, the time for mixing rise as well as the possibility of homogenization and uniform mixture creation, in pre chamber and cylinder. This claim it is confirmed on the basis of obtaining pressure and pressure rise gradient, which are growing with earlier injection, because of hydrogen combustion characteristics in stoichiometric mixture. The higher pressures as well as the surface under the diagram are positive from the aspect of the engine efficiency. However, with the earlier injection, the values of the pressure rise gradient are higher than for the classic diesel engine. This means that this phenomena can cause brutal engine work from the aspect of mechanical stresses. However the value of the maximum pressure is smaller than this in a diesel engine, this is due to added pre chamber, which has decreased the compression ratio.
PAPER REVISED: 2020-06-04
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2020-11-30
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