THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

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Flow boiling heat transfer characteristics of low GWP refrigerants in a vertical mini-channel

ABSTRACT
Flow boiling heat transfer characteristics in narrow channels have been investigated extensively by researchers due to its wide range of applications in micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS), however, being a complex transport process the controlling mechanisms still lack clarity in understanding. Refrigerants related environmental hazards also urged to look for alternative environment friendly refrigerants. It has been noticed that relatively less information is available in the literature specifically for environmentally benign mediums. This study is focused on experimental findings for flow boiling heat transfer performance of low GWP refrigerants (R152a, R600a, and R1234yf). The test object was a vertical stainless steel tube (1.60 mm inner diameter and heated surface length 245 mm), experiments were done under upward fluid flow conditions. The tested conditions were: heat flux 5-245 kWm-2, 50-500 kgm-2s-1 mass velocities while saturation temperatures were 27 and 32°C. The effects of operating parameters like heat and mass fluxes, saturation temperature, and vapor quality on heat transfer were analyzed in detail. It was noticed that heat transfer coefficients were significantly influenced by heat flux and operating pressure level whereas the same were not significantly affected by mass flux and vapor quality. The experimental data of heat transfer was compared with the prediction from various macro and micro scale correlations from the literature, reasonably good predictions were noticed with the correlation proposed by Mahmoud and Karayiannis [1].
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2020-06-01
PAPER REVISED: 1970-01-01
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2020-10-15
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2020-11-07
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI200601327A
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