THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

Thermal Science - Online First

Authors of this Paper

External Links

online first only

Investigations on melting and solidification of a battery cooling system using different phase change materials

ABSTRACT
The temperature of battery modules in electric vehicles (EVs) must be controlled adequately to remain within a specified range for optimum performance. In this research work, thermal management of battery modules with phase change materials (PCMs) was investigated experimentally and computationally. lithium ion battery pack cooled with a phase change material (PCM) for removing heat generated during the battery charging and discharging cycles. Computations and experiments were carried out to estimate the heat transfer, solidification and melting characteristics of the PCM used in the thermal management of a Li-Ion cell module. Four PCM's (GR44, RT50, OM35 and paraffin wax) with different melting temperature were used for the study. Battery operating temperature and melting point are the key parameters for selection of PCM. Experiments have been carried out only for OM35 & Paraffin Wax, because PCM OM35 melting point is within the battery operating temperature and Paraffin Wax for considering harshest condition. PCM OM 35 melting temperature range is below 35˚C which is accordance with a desire to keep battery temperature below 35˚C. Based on experimental & simulation results, it was found that OM35 is keeping battery temperature range minimal, which was the ideal for Li-ion battery thermal management.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2020-02-29
PAPER REVISED: 2020-07-21
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2020-07-28
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2020-08-08
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI200229220P
REFERENCES
  1. Park, S., et al., Hybrid energy storage systems and battery management for electric vehicles, in: Proceedings of the 50th Annual Design Automation Conference, ACM, 2013.
  2. Alrashdan A., et al., Thermo-mechanical behaviours of the expanded graphite-phase change material matrix used for thermal management of Li-ion battery packs International Journal of Materials Processing Technology 2010;210(1):174-9.
  3. Mi.C., et al., Advanced Electro-Thermal Modeling of Lithium-Ion Battery System for Hybrid Electric Vehicle Applications, IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference, Arlington, Texas, September 9-12,2007, pp. 107-111.
  4. Zhang.X., Multiscale Modeling of Li-Ion Cells: Mechanics, Heat Generation, and Electrochemical Kinetics, Dissertation, The University of Michigan, Department of Mechanical Engineering, 009.
  5. Pesaran.A.A., et al., "Thermal Performance of EV and HEV Battery Modules and Packs," Proceedings of the 14th International Electric Vehicle Symposium, Orlando, Florida, December 15-17, 1997.
  6. Zhao J.T et al., Experimental study on the thermal management performance of phase change material coupled with heat pipe for cylindrical power battery pack, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, vol. 82, pp. 182-188, 2017
  7. Karimi.G., et al., Experimental study of a cylindrical lithium ion battery thermal management using phase change material composites, Journal of Energy Storage, vol. 8, pp. 168-174, 2016.
  8. Wilke.S., et al., Preventing thermal runaway propagation in lithium ion battery packs using a phase change composite material: an experimental study, Journal of Power Sources, vol. 340, pp. 51-59, 2017.
  9. Linden, D., Reddy, B.T. (2002) Handbook of Batteries. McGraw-Hill, New York.
  10. MAO Qianjun., et al., Energy Storage Performance of a PCM in the Solar Storage Tank, Journal of Thermal Science Vol.28, No.2 (2019) 195203.
  11. Zhoujian.A.N., et al., A Review on Lithium-ion Power Battery Thermal Management Technologies and Thermal Safety Journal of Thermal Science Vol.26, No.5 (2017) 391412
  12. Zhuqian Zhang., et al., Thermal Modeling and Cooling Analysis of High-power Lithium Ion Cells, Journal of Thermal Science Vol.20, No.6 (2011) 570575
  13. Qu, Jie., et al., "Experimental investigation on the thermal performance of phase change material coupled with three-dimensional oscillating heat pipe (PCM/3D-OHP) for thermal management application." International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 129 (2019): 773-782.
  14. Shaji, and Sivasankaran Harish. "Experimental Investigation of Freezing and Melting Characteristics of Graphene-Based Phase Change Nanocomposite for Cold Thermal Energy Storage Applications.
  15. Sidik, Nor Azwadi Che., et al., "Performance enhancement of cold thermal energy storage system using nanofluid phase change materials: a review." International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer 94 (2018): 85-95.
  16. Vasu, Anusuiah., et al., "The effect of thermal cyclic variation on the thermophysical property degradation of paraffin as a phase changing energy storage material." Applied Thermal Engineering 149 (2019): 22-33
  17. Peng, Benli., et al., "Effects of thermal conductivity and density on phase change materials-based thermal energy storage systems." Energy 172 (2019): 580-591.
  18. Farhana, K., et al., "CFD modeling of different properties of nanofluids in header and riser tube of flat plate solar collector." IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. Vol. 469. No. 1. IOP Publishing, 2019.
  19. Prakash ., et al.,"Off-grid solar thermal water heating system using phase-change materials: design, integration and real environment investigation." Applied Energy 240 (2019): 73-83.
  20. Yang, Xiaohu., et al., "Effect of inclination on the thermal response of composite phase change materials for thermal energy storage." Applied Energy 238 (2019): 22-33.
  21. Aljehani, Ahmed., et al., "Design and optimization of a hybrid air conditioning system with thermal energy storage using phase change composite." Energy Conversion and Management 169 (2018): 404-418.
  22. Lin, Yaxue., et al., "Review on thermal conductivity enhancement, thermal properties and applications of phase change materials in thermal energy storage." Renewable and sustainable energy reviews 82 (2018): 2730-2742.
  23. Ansys Fluent 15.0 Users Guide (2013), SAS IP, Inc.
  24. Dai Haifeng., et al., Design and Simulation of Liquid-cooling Plates for Thermal Management of EV Batteries, KINTEX, Korea, May 3-6, 2015.
  25. Lukic.S.M., et al., On the suitability of a New High-Power Lithium Ion Battery for Hybrid Electric Application, Future Transport Technology Conference, Costa Mesa, California, June 23-25, 2003.