International Scientific Journal

Thermal Science - Online First

online first only

Preparation and characterization of phase change energy storage gypsum

The thermophysical properties of binary phase change materials with different ratios of capric acid and palmitic acid were studied by step cooling curve method and differential scanning calorimetry in this paper. Furthermore, the best adsorption materials and coating materials were selected by testing their mass adsorption rate and mass loss rate. Finally, the specific heat capacity, thermal conductivity coefficient and compressive strength of phase change energy storage gypsum (PCESG) was determined respectively, and the energy-saving effect of the PCESG in the wall is evaluated. The results show that the binary phase change materials can form a eutectic system. When the mass ratio of capric acid to palmitic acid is 7:3, the low eutectic point of the binary system is formed, and the crystallization temperature of system is 26°C. The adsorption capacity of expanded perlite is much larger than that of ceramsite, and the mass loss rate of the material coated by styrene acrylic emulsion is lower than that of EVA. The specific heat capacity of PCESG is about twice that of ordinary gypsum. With the addition of phase change materials, the thermal conductivity coefficient of PCESG decreases gradually, and the compressive strength of PCESG decreases gradually at the same time. Compared with ordinary gypsum, PCESG has better energy-saving performance.
PAPER REVISED: 2020-07-08
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2020-07-12
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