THERMAL SCIENCE

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Numerical modeling of peat burning processes in a vortex furnace with countercurrent swirl flows

ABSTRACT
The paper presents the process of peat burning in a swirl furnace with countercurrent swirl flows and the results of a numerical study. The cyclone-vortex technology of solid fuel combustion allows the furnace volume of a boiler unit, its dimensions and weight to be reduced. The aim of the work is a numerical study of the combustion of pulverized peat in a cylindrical vortex furnace with countercurrent swirl flows. The results of computer simulation of the combustion of pulverized peat with a moisture content of 40%, an ash content of 6% and a higher heat of combustion Qрн = 12.3 MJ/kg are presented. The results of the influence of the design parameters of the furnace and heat load (from 100% to 15%) are given as well. When the heat load is reduced to 15%, the entrainment of unburnt particles increases. The cooled and adiabatic furnace is studied. A significant entrainment of unburned particles is observed n a cooled furnace. The fields of temperature distribution, gas velocity and particle trajectory in the volume and at the outlet of the furnace are determined. The three-dimensional temperature distribution in the furnace volume indicates the combustion of peat particles at temperatures (1300-1450°C). Values of the tangential velocity of a swirl flow near the furnace outlet reach 150 - 370 m/s, which ensures the efficiency of separation of fuel particles and a reduction in heat loss due to mechanical underburning (up to 0.06%). The results of a numerical study show that the diameter of peat particles affects the combustion process, namely coke of particles with an initial diameter from 25 microns to 250 microns burns out by 96%, and particles with a diameter of about 1000 microns are carried away from the furnace and do not burn. The furnace provides a complete combustion of dust particles of peat by 99.8% and volatiles by 100%.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2019-03-05
PAPER REVISED: 2020-03-16
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2020-04-07
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2020-05-02
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI190305158R
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