THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

Thermal Science - Online First

online first only

Solar-assisted CO2 capture with amine and ammonia-based chemical absorption: A comparative study

ABSTRACT
Intensive energy penalty caused by CO2 separation process is a critical obstacle for retrofitting power plant with carbon capture technology. Therefore, the concept of utilizing solar energy to assist solvent regeneration for post-combustion carbon capture power plant is proposed recently as a promising pathway to compensate the efficiency reduction derived from CO2 capture process. However, the feasibility of solar-assisted post-combustion (SPCC) technologies largely depends on the types of CO2 absorbent, categories of solar thermal collectors, areas of solar field and the integration of thermal energy storage system. Therefore, this paper conducts a comparative analysis on MEA-based and NH3-based SPCC power plants employing two types of solar collectors, i.e the vacuum tube (VT) and the parabolic through collector (PTC), with climate data of Tianjin City. Levelized costs of electricity and cost of CO2 removed are comparatively studied for both SPCC configurations. Results show that the proposed SPCC configurations are economically viable when the price of vacuum the tube (VT) is lower than 86.64$/m2 and 117.29$/m2 for the MEA-based and NH3-based SPCC power plant respectively. Meanwhile, the price of PTC should be less than 111.12$/m2 for the MEA-based and 114.51$/m2 for the NH3-based SPCC power plant. It is indicated that employing the VT for chilled NH3-based SPCC power plant offers a promising approach to reduce the energy penalty with attractive economic performance.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2019-12-22
PAPER REVISED: 2020-03-16
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2020-03-17
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2020-04-04
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI191222149W
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