International Scientific Journal

Thermal Science - Online First

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Magnetohydrodynamic convective flow of nanofluid in double lid-driven cavities under slip conditions

In this paper, we introduced a numerical analysis for the effect of a magnetic field on the mixed convection and heat transfer inside a two-sided lid-driven cavity with convective boundary conditions on its adjacent walls under the effects of the presence of thermal dispersion and partial slip. A single-phase model in which the water is the base fluid and a copper is nanoparticles is assumed to represent the nanofluid. The bottom and top walls of the cavity move in the horizontal direction with constant speed, while the vertical walls of the cavity are stationary. The right wall is mentioned at relatively low temperature and the top wall is thermally insulated. Convective boundary conditions are imposed to the left and bottom walls of the cavity and the thermal dispersion effects are considered. The finite volume method is used to solve the governing equations and comparisons with previously published results are performed. It is observed that the increase in the Hartmann number causes that the shear friction near the moving walls is enhanced and consequently the horizontal velocity component decreases.
PAPER REVISED: 2019-11-26
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2020-03-25
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