THERMAL SCIENCE

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Combustion adjustment and operation optimiztion of a 240 T/H CFB boiler

ABSTRACT
The influence of main operating parameters on boiler performance was studied, such as bed pressure drop, primary air flow and secondary air flow. Combustion adjustment tests were carried out on a circulating fluidized bed boiler with rated capacity of 240 t/h. From the test results, it can be seen that the loss due to exit flue gas is the largest heat loss of the boiler, accounting for more than 70% of the total heat losses. For coal fired boilers, compared with the loss due to unburned solids, the loss due to unburned gases is quite small. The unburned carbon content in bottom ash is far lower than the value in fly ash. The trend of CO concentration in the exit flue gas is similar to that of the unburned carbon content in fly ash. To achieve higher boiler efficiency, the bed pressure drop is suggested to be maintained in about 8.5−9.0 kPa and the oxygen content in exit flue gas around 4%. The NOx emission concentration usually presents a negative correlation with CO concentration in exit flue gas. Through combustion adjustment and operation optimization, the NOx emission can be decreased by about 30% without affecting the boiler efficiency.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2019-11-02
PAPER REVISED: 2019-11-28
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2019-12-10
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2020-01-19
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI191102003L
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