International Scientific Journal

Thermal Science - Online First

External Links

online first only

Experimental investigation of the solar still with the diverse absorber plate configurations using energy storing materials

Solar distillation is an economical and nature-friendly method used for the product of fresh water from the (Mixing of Salt water and fresh water) brackish water. Solar still performance depends mainly on the absorber plate conditions. Since all the solar radiation is mainly absorbed by the basin plate and the water present in the basin. In this experimental work, the performance of the basin plate is enhanced by using diverse basin plate configurations with energy storing materials like mild steel, black gravel, pebbles, sand and cast iron. The basin plates and the energy storing materials increase the evaporation area and it will store the High heat during the sunshine hours and emitted the stored energy during the off shine hours to the system enhances the still productivity in the less solar radiations too. Here, the comparison has been made between the energy storing materials with flat absorber plate to the trapezoidal and the pin fin absorber plate with similar conditions. Through this experimentation process, we could conclude that trapezoidal basin plate with varied energy storing materials plays a predominant role in the production of distilled water than the flat and pin fin basin plates. On the other hand, black gravel gives good productive results compared to other energy storing materials used in this experiment for all basin plates. This will show the fulfilment of the basin plate and the productivity could be enhanced with different configurations of basin plates as well as incorporation of different energy repository materials
PAPER REVISED: 2019-05-11
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2019-06-01
  1. Tiris. C., Improvement of basin type solar still performance; Use of Various Absorber Materials and Solar Collector Integration .WREC 1996
  2. Saravankumar.P.T, et al., Ecological effect of corn oil biofuel with Si, Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects, (2019).
  3. El-Agouz, S.A., Experimental investigation of stepped solar still with continuous water circulation, Energy Conversion and Management 86 (2014), 1, pp. 186-193.
  4. Yamunadevi, V., et al., Characterization and dynamic mechanical analysis of woven roven glass fiber/ cerium- zirconium oxide epoxy nanocomposite materials, Materials Express Research, doi: 10.1088/2053-1591/ab2f64 2019
  5. Vivekanandan. M et. al, Pressure Vessel Design using PV-ELITE Software with Manual Calculations and Validation by FEM, Journal of Engineering Technology, 8 (2019),1, pp.425-433.
  6. Yoganandam, K., et al., Thermogravimetric analysis of Calotropis procera fibers and their influence on the thermal conductivity and flammability studies of polymer composites, Material Research Express, doi: 10.1088/2053-1591/ab3bbe
  7. Pradeep Mohan Kumar.K., et al., Computational Analysis and Optimization of Spiral Plate Heat Exchanger, J. of Applied Fluid Mechanics, Volume 11 (2018), Special Issue,, 121-128.
  8. Ganeshan, P., et al., An investigation of mechanical properties of madar fiber reinforced polyester composites for various fiber length and fiber content, Materials Express Research, doi: 10.1088/2053-1591/aae5bd, 2018
  9. Avudaiappan.T, et al., Potential Flow Simulation through Lagrangian Interpolation Meshless Method Coding, J. of Applied Fluid Mechanics, 11 (2018), Special Issue, pp. 129 -134.
  10. Godwin Antony, A., et al., Experimental investigation of I.C Engine using various Diesel Blends,Asian Journal of Research in Social Sciences and Humanities 6 (12) (2016), pp.221-235.
  11. Kalidasa Murugavel, K., et al., Single basin double slope solar still with minimum basin depth and energy storing materials, Applied Energy 87 (2010), pp. 514-523.