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Thermal Science - Online First

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Validation and application of source based CFD for numerical simulations and optimizations in turbine-related configurations

In order to accelerate the numerical simulation and optimization of gas turbine-related configurations, a source based CFD (SCFD) approach is developed for flow and heat transfer simulations. Different sources depending on the fluid porosity at each grid node in the computational domain are introduced to the continuity, momentum, energy and turbulence model equations, so that both the fluid and solid regions can be solved as one region. In the present paper, test cases including a ribbed channel and a winglet shrouded turbine cascade with tip injection are investigated using the SCFD and CFD with body-fitted meshes (BCFD). Impacts of grid clustering and turbulence model equation sources on the SCFD precision are examined. Numerical results show that the SCFD predicts consistent aero-thermal performance with the BCFD and experiments. The validated SCFD scheme is then employed in a response surface optimization of tip jet holes on the winglet shroud tip. A jet arrangement with the minimum energy loss and injection mass flow rate is obtained, indicating that source based predictions can be applied to the preliminary aero-thermal design of turbine blades.
PAPER REVISED: 2019-06-11
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2019-06-13
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