International Scientific Journal

Thermal Science - Online First

Authors of this Paper

External Links

online first only

Seasonal temperature variation of solar pond under Mediterranean condition

In this paper, thermal performance of solar pond for different condition was numerically investigated by using Discrete Ordinates Method to facilitate a greater understanding of the effects of relative various condition on thermal performance improvement of solar pond. For this, a 3D prototypes of solar ponds with square cross sections were simulated for the oversoil and subsoil, insulated and uninsulated, open on and off conditions. The direction of sunlight (zenith angle and the solar elevation) was automatically computed from the latitude, longitude, time zone, date, and time. The estimated solar position is accurate for a date between year 2000 and 2199, due to an approximation used in the Julian Day calendar calculation. Seasonal temperature variation of solar pond was calculated for the full period of one year starting from March and calculated data were compared with experiment to validate simulation accuracy of heat transfer model. Result indicates that temperatures in the summer time were calculated at around 55 °C, while temperatures in the winter were in the range of 20 to 30 °C and temperature changes between 30°C and 40°C in spring and autumn.
PAPER REVISED: 2019-02-01
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2019-02-10
  1. Simic, M., George, J., Design of a system to monitor and control solar pond: A review, Energy Procedia, 110 (2017), pp. 322-327
  2. Mekhilef, S., Saidur, R., & Safari, A., A review on solar energy use in industries. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15(4) (2011), pp. 1777-1790
  3. Khalilian, M., Assessment of the overall energy and exergy efficiencies of the salinity gradient solar pond with shading effect, Solar Energy, 158(2017), pp. 311-320
  4. Karakilcik, M., Dincer, I., Bozkurt, I., & Atiz, A., Performance assessment of a solar pond with and without shading effect, Energy Conversion and Management, 65(2013), pp. 98-107
  5. Bozkurt, I., Karakilcik, M., The effect of sunny area ratios on the thermal performance of solar ponds, Energy Conversion and Management, 91(2015), pp. 323-332
  6. Moh'd A, A. N., & Al-Dafaie, A. M. A., Using nanofluids in enhancing the performance of a novel two-layer solar pond, Energy, 68 (2014), pp.318-326
  7. Munoz, F., & Almanza, R., A survey of solar pond developments, Energy, 17(10) (1992), pp. 927-938
  8. Sakhrieh A., Al-Salaymeh A., Experimental and numerical investigations of salt gradient solar pond under Jordanian climate conditions. Energy Convers Manag, 65(2013), pp. 725-728
  9. Karakilcik, M., Kiymac, K., Dincer, I., Experimental and theoretical temperature distributions in a solar pond, Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., 49(2006), pp. 825-835
  10. Bozkurt I., S. Mantar, M. Karakilcik, A new performance model to determine energy storage efficiencies of a solar pond, Heat Mass Transfer, 51(2015), pp.39-48
  11. Sogukpinar, H., Bozkurt, I., Karakilcik, M., Cag, S., Numerical Evaluation of the Performance Increase for a Solar Pond With Glazed and Unglazed, IEEE International Conference on Power and Renewable Energy, (2016), pp. 598-601
  12. Sogukpinar, H., Bozkurt, I., Karakilcik, M., Performance Comparison of Oversoil and Subsoil Solar ponds, Thermal Science, 22(2018), pp. 1-9
  13. Bozkurt, I., Sogukpinar, H., Karakilcik, M., Modeling of a Solar Pond for Different Insulation Materials to Calculate Temperature Distribution, Journal of Multidisciplinary Engineering Science and Technology, 2(2015), pp. 1378-1382
  14. Chekerovska, M. and Filkoski R.V., Efficiency of Liquid Flat-Plate Solar Energy Collector with Solar Tracking System, Thermal Science, 19 (2015), pp. 1673-1684
  15. Ding, L.C., Akbarzadeh, A., Date, A., Transient model to predict the performance of thermoelectric generators coupled with solar pond, Energy, 103(2016), pp. 271-289
  16. Ali, H.M., Mathematical modelling of salt gradient solar pond performance. Int. J. Energy Res. 10 (4) (1986), pp. 377-384
  17. Sayer, A.H., Al-Hussaini, H., Campbell, A.N,. New theoretical modelling of heat transfer in solar ponds. Sol. Energy, 125(2016), pp. 207-218
  18. Chiasson, A.D., Rees, S.J., Spitler, J.D., Smith, M.D., A model for simulating the performance of a shallow pond as supplemental heat rejecter with closed-loop ground-source heat pump systems, ASHRAE Trans., 106(2000), pp. 107-121
  19. Heat transfer module, COMSOL.
  20. Modest M.F., Radiative Heat Transfer, 2nd ed., San Diego, California: Academic Press; 2003
  21. R. Sieger and J. Howell, Thermal Radiation Heat Transfer, 4th ed., Taylor &Francis, New York, 2002
  22. Mantar, S., A mathematical modeling of the insulated cylindrical model solar ponds. MSc. Thesis, Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey, (in Turkish) (2010)
  23. Karakilcik, M., Dincer, I., & Rosen, M. A., Performance investigation of a solar pond. Applied Thermal Engineering, 26(7) (2006), pp. 727-735
  24. Bozkurt, I., & Karakilcik, M., The daily performance of a solar pond integrated with solar collectors, Solar Energy, 86(5) (2012), pp.1611-1620