International Scientific Journal

Thermal Science - Online First

online first only

Influence of turning parameters on cutting temperature by applying the design of experiments with the definition of the workpiece material behavior

This paper evaluates the behavior of cutting temperature under the influence of specific cutting parameters by applying both Factorial Design and the Surface Response Methodology. Cutting speed, the feed rate and type of material were selected as input parameters to perform this study. As type of material is a non quantitative factor, it is necessary to establish a particular index to define it. Although different properties were analyzed, the average stress between the yield and strength stresses was demonstrated as the most representative property to describe material. The experimental values of temperatures during the turning process were obtained with an infrared thermography camera and experiments were designed to run the statistical analysis with commercial software. Both the Factorial Design and Surface Response methodologies showed the influence that specific values of the input parameters had on cutting temperatures. Factorial Design allowed more accurate results, but more experiments had to be carried out, while the Surface Response Methodology provided suitable information with fewer tests. A comparison was made between the experimental and some analytical results, for example those obtained by Cook, and showed a good agreement.
PAPER REVISED: 2016-08-14
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2016-10-18
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