## THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

### Thermal Science - Online First

online first only
### Investigation and predictation of optimum meandering turn number of vertical and horizontal closed-loop pulsating heat pipes

**ABSTRACT**

The objectives of this study are to experimentally investigate the effect of meandering turn numbers on thermal performance and to predict the optimum meandering turn number of vertical and horizontal closed-loop pulsating heat pipes (CLPHP). The CLPHPs were made from a copper capillary tube with internal diameter of 2.0 mm. The CLPHPs were bent into undulating tubes with various meandering turn numbers, such as 5, 7, 10, 16, and 30. Each set of the CLPHPs had different evaporator section lengths of 50 mm and 150 mm. Heat input was supplied to the CLPHP by allowing the flow of distilled water as the heating medium through the evaporator section. The adiabatic section temperature was constantly controlled at 50°C. It could be concluded that the optimum meandering turn number of vertical CLPHPs with an evaporator section length of 50 mm is 10 for both R123 and water, and the optimum meandering turn numbers of vertical CLPHPs with an evaporator section length of 150 mm are 5 and 10, respectively, for R123 and water. However, the optimum meandering turn number of the horizontal CLPHP could not be found since the heat flux directly varies with the turn number. In addition, the correlation to predict the optimum meandering turn number of the vertical CLPHP was successfully established.

**KEYWORDS**

PAPER SUBMITTED: 2015-07-07

PAPER REVISED: 2016-06-26

PAPER ACCEPTED: 2016-07-13

PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2016-08-07

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