THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

Thermal Science - Online First

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Cooling effectiveness of mist precooler for improving energy performance of air-cooled chiller

ABSTRACT
Mist is increasingly applied to precool outdoor air in heat rejection. This study investigates how the coefficient of performance (COP) of an air-cooled chiller varies with a mist precooler at different levels of cooling effectiveness. A multivariate regression model was developed to simulate the operating variables of an air-cooled chiller with mist precooling. The model was validated with typical performance data of an air-cooled centrifugal chiller. The COP would increase by up to 30%, depending on the cooling effectiveness and the wet bulb depression-the difference between the dry bulb and wet bulb temperatures of outdoor air. At a large wet bulb depression, the percentage increase of COP tended to correlate linearly with the chiller capacity. Yet at a small wet bulb depression, the dynamic control of condensing temperature resulted in a non-linear relationship between the percentage change of COP and the cooling effectiveness. Further experimental work is required to optimize cooling effectiveness for the maximum COP.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2015-11-12
PAPER REVISED: 2016-03-06
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2016-03-09
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2016-04-09
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI151112071Y
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