THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

CONTRIBUTION THE DEVELOPMENT OF METHODOLOGY FOR ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF BUS SUSPENSION SYSTEM ON FUEL CONSUMPTION AND CO2 EMISSION

ABSTRACT
This paper analyzes the effects of intercity bus suspension system oscillatory parameters on driver’s ride comfort and road damage. The analysis has been carried out through simulation by means of validated in-plane bus model with six degrees of freedom ex-cited by real road roughness signal. Low root-mean-square values of the weighted vertical acceleration (less than 0.315 m/s2) have been achieved by shock-absorbers with lower damping coefficient and softer suspension system springs. Low values of dynamic load coefficient provide low shock-absorber damping and softer springs. However, low crest factor values for both axles are accomplished for high shock-absorber damping and softer springs in bus suspension system. Results from this analysis could be used as reference for selecting proper oscillatory parameter values when designing road-friendly bus suspension system which in turn would increase vehicle energy efficiency. Presented methods, results and analyzes are the part of wider methodology for assessing the impact of bus suspension system on fuel consumption and CO2 emission.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2019-12-24
PAPER REVISED: 2019-04-07
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2019-04-10
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2020-05-02
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI191224168S
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2021, VOLUME 25, ISSUE Issue 3, PAGES [1743 - 1757]
REFERENCES
  1. Stokić, M., Vujanović, D., Vehicle Procurement Criteria Evaulation, Proceedings, 4th Interantional Conference on Traffic and Transport Engineering, Belgrade, Serbia, 2018, pp. 407-415
  2. Riener, A., et al., Subliminal Vibro-Tactile Based Notification of CO2 Economy While Driving, Proceedings, 2nd International Conference on Automotive User Interfaces and Interactive Vehicular Applications, Pittsburgh, Penn., USA, 2010, pp. 92-101
  3. Descornet, G., Road-Surface Influence on Tire Rolling Resistance, in: Surface Characteristics of Roadways, (Eds. Meyer, W., Reichert, J.), International Research and Technologies, West Conshohocken, Penn., USA, 1990, pp. 401-415
  4. Van Dam, T. J., et al., Towards Sustainable Pavement Systems: a Reference Document (No. FHWAHIF-15-002), Federal Highway Administration, Washington, D. C., USA, 2015
  5. Zaabar, I., Chatti, K., Calibration of HDM-4 Models for Estimating the Effect of Pavement Roughness on Fuel Consumption for US Conditions, Transportation Research Record, 2155 (2010), 1, pp. 105-116
  6. Ivkovic, I., et al., Influence of Road and Traffic Conditions on Fuel Consumption and Fuel Cost for Different Bus Technologies, Thermal Science, 21 (2017), 1B, pp. 693-706
  7. Potter, T. E. C., et al., Road-Damaging Potential of Measured Dynamic Tyre Forces in Mixed Traffic, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers - Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering, 210 (1996), 3, pp. 215-225
  8. Cebon, D., Interaction Between Heavy Vehicles and Roads, Report No. SP-951, Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK, 1993
  9. Kenis, W. J., et al., Spatial Repeatability of Dynamic Wheel Loads for Heavy Vehicles: a Literature Review, International Journal of Heavy Vehicle Systems, 5 (1998), 2, pp. 116-148
  10. Agostinacchio, M., et al., The Vibrations Induced by Surface Irregularities in Road Pavements - A Matlab® Approach, European Transport Research Review, 6 (2014), 3, pp. 267-275
  11. Xia, R., et al., Effect Analysis of Vehicle System Parameters on Dynamic Response of Pavement, Mathematical Problems in Engineering, 2015 (2015), ID 561478
  12. Gillespie, T., et al., Effects of Heavy Vehicle Characteristics on Pavement Response and Performance, Final Report No. UMTRI 92-2, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich., USA, 1992
  13. Nijemčević, S., et al., Tehnička knjiga (Technical Book) (in Serbian), Ikarbus AD, Belgrade, Serbia, 2001
  14. Mladenović, D., Bus Dynamic Behaviour in Real Driving Conditions (in Serbian), Ph. D. thesis, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia, 2008
  15. Sekulić, D., Investigation of Passengers' Oscillatory Comfort in the Bus with Respect to the Seat Position and Quality (in Serbian), Ph. D. thesis, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia, 2013
  16. Ettefagh, M. M., et al., Reliability Analysis of the Bridge Dynamic Response in a Stochastic Vehicle-Bridge Interaction, KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, 19 (2015), 1, pp. 220-232
  17. Kim, R. E., et al., Stochastic Analysis of Energy Dissipation of a Half-Car Model on Non-Deformable Rough Pavement, Journal of Transportation Engineering - Part B: Pavements, 143 (2017), 4, pp. 1-10
  18. Demić, M., Diligenski, Dj., Numerical Simulation of Shock Absorbers Heat Load For Semi-Active Vehicle Suspension System, Thermal Science, 20 (2016), 5, pp. 1725-1739
  19. ***, University of Michigan, RoadRuf User Reference Manual, 2016, www.pathwayservices.com
  20. Simić, D., Dinamika Motornih Vozila: Oscilacije i Vešanje Automobila (Motor Vehicle Dynamics-Oscillation and Vehicle Suspension - in Serbian), University of Kragujevac, Kragujevac, Serbia, 1975
  21. ***, The Transtec Group, ProVAL User's Guide-Version 3.6, 2016, www.roadprofile.com
  22. ***, ISO 2631, Mechanical Vibration and Shock-Evaluation of Human Exposure to Whole-Body Vibration, 1997, www.iso.org/standard/7612.html
  23. Cole, D. J., Cebon, D., Truck Suspension Design to Minimise Road Damage, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers - Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering, 210 (1996), 2, pp. 95-107
  24. Gillespie, T., Fundamentals of Vehicle Dynamics, SAE, Warrendale, Penn., USA, 1992

© 2021 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, National Institute of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence