International Scientific Journal


Intensive energy penalty caused by CO2 separation process is a critical obstacle for retrofitting power plant with carbon capture technology. Therefore, the concept of utilizing solar energy to assist solvent regeneration for post-combustion carbon capture power plant is proposed recently as a promising pathway to compensate the efficiency reduction derived from CO2 capture process. However, the feasibility of solar-assisted post-combustion technologies largely depends on the types of CO2 absorbent, categories of solar thermal collectors, areas of solar field, and the integration of thermal energy storage system. Therefore, this paper conducts a comparative analysis on monoethanolamine-based and NH3-based so-larassisted post-combustion power plants employing two types of solar collectors, i.e the vacuum tube and the parabolic through collector, with climate data of Tianjin City, China. Levelized costs of electricity and cost of CO2 removed are comparatively studied for both solar-assisted post-combustion configurations. Results show that the proposed solar-assisted post-combustion configurations are economically viable when the price of vacuum tube is lower than 86.64 $/m2 and 117.29 $/m2 for the monoethanolamine-based and NH3-based solar-assisted post-combustion power plant, respectively. Meanwhile, the price of parabolic through collector should be less than 111.12 $/m2 for the monoethanolamine-based and 114.51 $/m2 for the NH3-based solar-assisted post-combustion power plant. It is indicated that employing the vacuum tube for chilled NH3-based solar-assisted post-combustion power plant offers a promising approach to reduce the energy penalty with attractive economic performance.
PAPER REVISED: 2020-03-16
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2020-03-17
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2021, VOLUME 25, ISSUE Issue 1, PAGES [717 - 732]
  1. Wilcox J. Carbon Capture. London: Stanford University; 2011.
  2. Erans María, Hanak D P , Jordi M , et al. Process modelling and techno-economic analysis of natural gas combined cycle integrated with calcium looping
  3. Fabienne Châtel-Pélage, Varagani R , Pranda P , et al. Applications of Oxygen for NOx Control and CO2 Capture in Coal-Fired Power Plants
  4. Chakma A. CO2 Capture Processes-opportunities For Improved Energy Efficiencies. Energy Convers. 1997:51-56.
  5. Hetland, J. and R. Anantharaman, Carbon capture and storage (CCS) options for co-production of electricity and synthetic fuels from indigenous coal in an Indian context. Energy for Sustainable Development, 2009. 13(1): p. 56-63.
  6. Zhao M, Minett AI, Harris AT. A review of techno-economic models for the retrofitting of conventional pulverised-coal power plants for post-combustion capture (PCC) of CO2. Energy \& Environmental Science. 2013;6:25-40.
  7. Chakma A, Mehrotra AK, Nielsen B. Comparison of chemical solvents for mitigating CO2 emissions from coal-fired power plants. Heat Recovery Systems and CHP. 1995;15:231-240.
  8. Jilvero H, Normann F, Andersson K, et al. Heat requirement for regeneration of aqueous ammonia in post-combustion carbon dioxide capture. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. 2012;11:181-187.
  9. Li H, Yan J, Campana PE. Feasibility of integrating solar energy into a power plant with amine-based chemical absorption for CO2 capture. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. 2012;9:272-280.
  10. Mokhtar M, Ali MT, Khalilpour R, et al. Solar-assisted Post-combustion Carbon Capture feasibility study. Applied Energy. 2012;92:668-676.
  11. Hu Y, Li H, Yan J. Techno-economic evaluation of the evaporative gas turbine cycle with different CO2 capture options. Applied Energy. 2012;89:303-314.
  12. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). IPCC Special Report on Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage. New York: Cambridge University Press; 2005.
  13. Abu-Zahra MRM, Schneiders LHJ, Niederer JPM, et al. CO2 capture from power plants Part I. A parametric study of the technical performance based on monoethanolamine. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. 2007;1:37-46.
  14. Padurean A, Cormos C, Cormos A, et al. Multicriterial analysis of post-combustion carbon dioxide capture using alkanolamines. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. 2011;5:676-685.
  15. Jassim MS, Rochelle GT. Innovative Absorber/Stripper Configurations for CO2 Capture by Aqueous Monoethanolamine. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. 2006;45:2465-2472.
  16. Zeng Q, Guo Y, Niu Z, et al. The absorption rate of CO2 by aqueous ammonia in a packed column. Fuel Processing Technology. 2013;108:76-81.
  17. Puxty G, Rowland R, Attalla M. Comparison of the rate of CO2 absorption into aqueous ammonia and monoethanolamine. Chemical Engineering Science. 2010;65:915-922.
  18. Rivera-Tinoco R, Bouallou C. Comparison of absorption rates and absorption capacity of ammonia solvents with MEA and MDEA aqueous blends for CO2 capture. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2010;18:875-880.
  19. Yeh JT, Resnik KP, Rygle K, et al. Semi-batch absorption and regeneration studies for CO2 capture by aqueous ammonia. Fuel Processing Technology. 2005;86:1533-1546.
  20. Duffie JA, Beckman WA. Solar engineering of thermal processes: Wiley New York etc.; 1980.
  21. Qadir A, Mokhtar M, Khalilpour R, et al. Potential for solar-assisted post-combustion carbon capture in Australia. Applied Energy. 2013;111:175-185.
  22. Rochelle GT. Amine Scrubbing for CO2 Capture. Science. 2009;325:1652-1654.
  23. Woods MC, Capicotto P, Haslbeck J, et al. Cost and Performance Baseline for Fossil Energy Plants, vol. 1: Bituminous Coal and Natural Gas to Electricity Final Report.: U.S. Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory; 2007.
  24. Versteeg P, Rubin ES. A technical and economic assessment of ammonia-based post-combustion CO2 capture at coal-fired power plants. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. 2011;5:1596-1605.
  25. Zhao L, Zhao R, Deng S, et al. Integrating solar Organic Rankine Cycle into a coal-fired power plant with amine-based chemical absorption for CO2 capture. International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. 2014;31:77-86.
  26. Projected Costs of Generating Electricity - International Energy Agency. Paris,2010.
  27. NASA Surface meteorology and Solar Energy;
  28. Kalogirou SA. Solar thermal collectors and applications. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science. 2004;30:231-295.
  29. Goto K, Yogo K, Higashii T. A review of efficiency penalty in a coal-fired power plant with post-combustion CO2 capture. Applied Energy. 2013;111:710-720.
  30. Singh D, Croiset E, Douglas PL, et al. Techno-economic study of CO2 capture from an existing coal-fired power plant: MEA scrubbing vs. O2/CO2 recycle combustion. Energy Conversion and Management. 2003;44:3073-3091.
  31. Beijing Carbon Emissions Electronic Trading Platform., 2020.3.12.

© 2021 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence