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To investigate the hybrid thermal energy storage in photovoltaic fuel cells, a hybrid thermal energy storage control system for photovoltaic fuel cells is explored model construction and simulation. The correlations between the system components and the external factors are analyzed. The results show a positive correlation of the state of charges between the storage battery and the hydrogen storage tank at 0-15 hours, while no correlation exists between them at 15-35 hours. Meanwhile, the sunshine intensity and the photovoltaic output share a positive correlation. In summary, the hybrid thermal energy storage system is critical for photovoltaic fuel cells. The charging and discharging of the battery depends on the photovoltaic intensity. The constructed grouping management model for storage battery is outstanding and satisfies the operational requirements of photovoltaic fuel cells.
PAPER REVISED: 2020-01-31
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2020-02-15
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© 2020 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence