## THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

### NUMERICAL STUDY OF TURBULENT MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC CONVECTION OF MOLTEN SODIUM WITH VARIABLE PROPERTIES IN A SQUARE CAVITY

**ABSTRACT**

In this study, the finite volume method is used to simulate the turbulent natural convection in a square partitioned cavity. In this paper a fluid-flow with Pr = 0.01 and Ra = 106 and 107 in the presence of a magnetic field is investigated. The fluid properties are function of temperature. A parametric study is carried out using following parameters: non-dimensional different partition position from 0.2 to 0.6, non-dimensional different partition height from 0.1 to 0.4, and different Hartmann numbers from 0 to 200. It is found that Nusselt number is a decreasing function of partition height, Hp, and Hartmann number and the non-dimensional position of partitions, Dp, affects on streamlines and isotherms. It is observed that at Ra = 106 and Dp = 0.6 the Nusselt number is maximum and as Hartmann number increases the Nusselt number tends to a constant number. Also at Ra = 107 and Dp = 0.4 the variation of mean Nusselt number for different partition heights is more different than the other cases. Also the Nusselt number at Hp = 0.4 is nearly half for Dp = 0.4 in comparison with the other cases.

**KEYWORDS**

PAPER SUBMITTED: 2017-11-01

PAPER REVISED: 2018-02-04

PAPER ACCEPTED: 2018-03-03

PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2018-03-04

**THERMAL SCIENCE** YEAR

**2019**, VOLUME

**23**, ISSUE

**6**, PAGES [3443 - 3454]

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