THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

GEOGRAPHIC AND TECHNICAL FLOATING PHOTOVOLTAIC POTENTIAL

ABSTRACT
The photovoltaic geographic potential (PVGP) is defined as the fraction of the solar irradiation received on the land available for a photovoltaic facility. The area of this usable land is calculated by a suitability factor which is determined by a variety of different geographical constraints. We extend this kind of analysis to floating photovoltaic (FPV) structures and consider the use of water surfaces with the same definitions and notations used to define the PVGP for systems installed on the ground. Results are very promising because of the large water surfaces available and because of the possibility to build floating structures which are more compact than land based photovoltaic plants. In fact, using just 1% of natural basins areas to install FPV plants, about 25% of the world electrical energy demand (in 2014) can be supplied. The PVGP is evaluated for two PVF raft geometries: one is a typical shed structure, the other is an innovative solution named gable.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2017-09-29
PAPER REVISED: 2017-11-01
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2017-11-06
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2018-02-18
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI170929017T
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2018, VOLUME 22, ISSUE Supplement 3, PAGES [S831 - S841]
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© 2018 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence