International Scientific Journal

Authors of this Paper

External Links


In this paper the chemical processes of the O+ + H2 → OH+ + H reactive reaction (exothermic) investigated with the thermal variation in the ionosphere by combining a gas kinetic theory model. Collision energy, reaction rate constant and total cross-sections as a function of ionospheric altitude and temperature are calculated. Also, all the other parameters related with the ionosphere are calculated for the 38.400N, 39.120E co-ordinates and year, day, and time taken as 2009, equinox and solstice, local time (12:00), respectively. It was found that the collision energy, reaction rate constant and cross-section values are decreasing with the increment of the ionospheric height and temperature. The total collision number takes the maximum values at lower ionosphere where the temperature is smallest and decreases with increasing height in upper ionosphere. The mean free path was found to close to each other and decay to zero nearly at 150 km for all months. It is estimated that the amount of energy which is released during the reaction can cause deterioration at the high level.
PAPER REVISED: 2017-11-10
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2017-11-18
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2018, VOLUME 22, ISSUE Supplement 1, PAGES [S47 - S53]
  1. Brasseur, G.P., Solomon, S., Aeronomy of the Middle Atmosphere, Springer, Netherlands, 2005
  2. Itikawa, Y., Molecular Processes in Plasmas Collision of Charged Particles with Molecules, Springer, Netherlands, 2007
  3. Mangla, B., Yadav, M., Chemistry of Upper Ionosphere- A Study, Int. J. Adv. Eng. Sci., 1(2011), 1
  4. Atici, R., et al., The Effect of Lightning-induced Electromagnetic Waves on the Electron Temperatures in the Lower Ionosphere, Kuwait J. Sci. Eng., 43(2016), 4, pp. 143-149
  5. Schunk, R.W., Nagy, A.F., Ionospheres: Physics, Plasmas Physics and Chemistry, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2009
  6. Mendillo, M., et al., The Global Ionospheric Asymmetry in Total Electron Content, J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys., 67(2005), pp. 1377-1387
  7. Richards, P. G., Reexamination of Ionospheric Photochemistry, J. Geophys. Res., 116(2011), A08307
  8. Whitten, R.C., Poppof, I.G., Ion Kinetics in the Lower Ionosphere, J. Atmos. Sci., 21(1964), 2
  9. Bernhardt, P. A., et al., Depletion of the F2 Region Ionosphere and the Protonosphere by the Release of Molecular Hydrogen, Geophys. Res. Lett., 2(1975), 8, pp. 341-344
  10. Bruskin, L. G., et al., Modelling of Neutral-Gas Releases into the Earth's Ionosphere, Pure Appl. Phys., 127(1988), 2/3, pp. 415-446
  11. Guiter, S.M., et al., What is the Source of Observed Annual Variations in Plasmaspheric Density?, J. Geophys. Res., 100(1995), A5, pp. 8013-8020
  12. Gómez-Carrasco, S., et al., OH+ In Astrophysical Media: State-to-State Formation Rates, Einstein Coefficients and Inelastic Collision Rates with He, Astrophys. J., 794(2014), 33, pp. 16
  13. Rees, M. H., Physics and Chemistry of the Upper Atmosphere, Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, 1989
  14. Gombosi, T.I., Gas Kinetic Theory, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1994
  15. Bilitza, D., et al., Measurements and IRI Model Predictions during the Recent Solar Minimum, J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys., 86(2012), pp. 99-106
  16. Bilitza, D., et al., The International Reference Ionosphere 2012 - a model of International collaboration, J. Space Weather Space Clim., 4(2014), A07, pp. 1-12, (

© 2020 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence