THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

SOLAR THERMAL AND WIND ENERGY APPLICATIONS: CASE STUDY OF A SMALL SPANISH VILLAGE

ABSTRACT
The present work examines the supply of heating and electricity to the Spanish village of Uruena, using biomass and other local renewable sources as a result of the growing interest worldwide towards the development of sustainable and energy independent small communities. Specifically, this case study considers the design of a district heating system consisting of a solar heating plant, a biomass plant using straw as a sustainable fuel for the base load and an oil boiler for the peak load, coupled with a hot water tank as a thermal energy storage option. Two alternative scenarios are analyzed for electricity generation purposes, namely a system consisting of three small wind turbines and a system with a single large wind turbine. The results show that the cost of large-scale electricity storage depends on the application and often involves significant capital investments.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2017-12-29
PAPER REVISED: 2018-03-22
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2018-03-23
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2018-09-23
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI171229269I
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2018, VOLUME 22, ISSUE 5, PAGES [2163 - 2176]
REFERENCES
  1. Langbroek, M., et al., Learning from the Social Impacts Associated with Initiating a Windfarm Near the Former Island of Urk, The Netherlands, Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, 30 (2012), 3, pp. 167-178
  2. Modak, N. M., et al., Managing Green House Gas Emission Cost and Pricing Policies in a Two-echelon Supply Chain, CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology, 20 (2018), Jan., pp. 1-11
  3. Ojha, K., Need of Independent Rural Power Producers in India—An Overview, Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy, 12 (2010), 5, pp. 495-501
  4. Geng, P., et al., Experimental Investigation on NOx and Green House Gas Emissions from a Marine Auxiliary Diesel Engine using Ultralow Sulfur Light Fuel, Science of The Total Environment, 572 (2016), Dec., pp. 467-475
  5. Clark Ii, W. W., et al., Agile Sustainable Communities: On-site Renewable Energy Generation, Utilities Policy, 16 (2008), 4, pp. 262-274
  6. Agarwal, N., et al., Optimization of Grid Independent Hybrid PV-diesel-battery System for Power Generation in Remote Villages of Uttar Pradesh, India, Energy for Sustainable Development, 17 (2013), 3, pp. 210-219
  7. Balamurugan, P., et al., Optimal Scheduling and Operation of Hybrid Biomass/wind/PV Energy System for Rural Areas, International Journal of Energy Technology and Policy, 7 (2009), 1, p. 113
  8. Blum, N. U., et al., Rural Electrification through Village Grids—Assessing the Cost Competitiveness of Isolated Renewable Energy Technologies in Indonesia, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 22 (2013), June, pp. 482-496
  9. Bianco, A., et al., On the Energy Consumption Computation in Content Delivery Networks, Sustainable Computing: Informatics and Systems, 16 (2017), Dec., pp. 56-65
  10. Damette, O., et al., Households Energy Consumption and Transition Toward Cleaner Energy Sources, Energy Policy, 113 (2018), Feb., pp. 751-764
  11. Schweiger, G., et al., The Potential of Power-to-heat in Swedish District Heating Systems, Energy, 137 (2017), Oct., pp. 661-669
  12. Jingcheng, S., et al., The Impact of Technical Progress and Fuel Switching on Building Sector's Decarbonization in China, Energy Procedia, 61 (2014), Jan., pp. 373-376
  13. Le Truong, N., et al., Effects of Energy Efficiency Measures in District-heated Buildings on Energy Supply, Energy, 142 (2018), Jan., pp. 1114-1127
  14. Huang, H., et al., Energy from Biomass and Waste: Case Studies in China, International Journal of Energy Technology and Policy, 1 (2003), 4, p. 400
  15. Mathur, J., Energy Technologies for Rural Areas Decentralised Power Generation Through MARKAL Modelling: A Case Study, International Journal of Energy Technology and Policy, 5 (2007), 3, p. 355
  16. Ioakimidis, C. S., et al., The Use of District Heating on a Small Spanish village, Proceedings, 26th International Conference on Efficiency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems, ECOS 2013, Guilin, China, 2013
  17. ***, Logstor Calculator, calc.logstor.com/login.aspx
  18. Lars, N., et al., Straw for Energy Production Technology -Environment -Economy (2nd ed.), Trøjborg Bogtryk, Aarhus, Denmark, 1998
  19. Troen, I., Lundtang Petersen, E., European Wind Atlas, Technical University of Denmark, Roskilde, Denmark, 1989
  20. Manwell, J. F., et al., Wind Energy Explained: Theory, Design and Application, John Wiley & Sons, New Jersey, USA, 2009
  21. ***, World Energy Council, World Energy Resources: E-Storage, 2016

© 2018 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence