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In this study, the effects of hydrogen and CO addition on the laminar flame speed and flame instabilities of CH4/air mixture are investigated experimentally and numerically. Results show that laminar flame speeds increase almost linearly with the addition of hydrogen, which is mainly caused by the increase of the flame temperature and the thermal diffusivity of the mixture. However, it de-creases with the increase of the pressure, which is mainly due to the increase of the mixture density and the enhancement of the termination reactions. The hydrodynamic instability is increased with the increase of hydrogen ratio and pressure, which is due to the reduction of the flame thickness. With the increase of hydrogen fractions and pressure, the Markstein lengths decrease obviously, which means the flame instability is enhanced. The addition of CO has little effect on the flame speeds and flame instabilities.
PAPER REVISED: 2018-02-25
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2018-03-13
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© 2018 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence