THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

OPTIMAL USAGE OF BIOMASS FOR ENERGY PURPOSES TOWARD SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT - A CASE OF MACEDONIA

ABSTRACT
One of the main goals for sustainable development of a country is providing sustainable energy resources, which means satisfying the current needs for energy without compromising the future generations. Moreover, sustainable energy resources primarily involve greater inclusion of renewable energy sources. The biomass is the most widely used renewable energy source, mainly because of its relatively low price and its availability. However, in order for the biomass to stay a renewable energy source, it must be used rationally and with a plan, which primarily requires a detailed analysis of the current situation and resources. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to calculate the optimal utilization of biomass in energy purposes, taking into account the sustainable development of a country. As an example, in this paper Macedonia is considered. A detailed analysis of the data sources related to biomass is made and several different indicators that describe the current situation in Macedonia are presented. Furthermore, several scenarios are defined in this paper in order to calculate the optimal share of biomass in the overall energy mix in Macedonia for the next 20 years, using the MARKAL model.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2016-02-08
PAPER REVISED: 2016-02-08
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2016-02-26
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2016-03-12
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI160208057K
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2016, VOLUME 20, ISSUE Supplement 1, PAGES [S77 - S91]
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© 2019 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence