## THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

### INFLUENCE OF THE GRAY GASES NUMBER IN THE WEIGHTED SUM OF GRAY GASES MODEL ON THE RADIATIVE HEAT EXCHANGE CALCULATION INSIDE PULVERIZED COAL-FIRED FURNACES

**ABSTRACT**

The influence of the number of gray gases in the weighted sum in the gray gases model on the calculation of the radiative heat transfer is discussed in the paper. A computer code which solved the set of equations of the mathematical model describing the reactive two-phase turbulent flow with radiative heat exchange and with thermal equilibrium between phases inside the pulverized coal-fired furnace was used. Gas-phase radiative properties were determined by the simple gray gas model and two combinations of the weighted sum of the gray gases models: one gray gas plus a clear gas and two gray gases plus a clear gas. Investigation was carried out for two values of the total extinction coefficient of the dispersed phase, for the clean furnace walls and furnace walls covered by an ash layer deposit, and for three levels of the approximation accuracy of the weighting coefficients. The influence of the number of gray gases was analyzed through the relative differences of the wall fluxes, wall temperatures, medium temperatures, and heat transfer rate through all furnace walls. The investigation showed that there were conditions of the numerical investigations for which the relative differences of the variables describing the radiative heat exchange decrease with the increase in the number of gray gases. The results of this investigation show that if the weighted sum of the gray gases model is used, the complexity of the computer code and calculation time can be reduced by optimizing the number of gray gases. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. TR-33018: Increase in energy and ecology efficiency of processes in pulverized coal-fired furnace and optimization of utility steam boiler air preheater by using in-house developed software tools]

**KEYWORDS**

PAPER SUBMITTED: 2015-06-03

PAPER REVISED: 2015-12-02

PAPER ACCEPTED: 2015-12-04

PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2015-12-19

**THERMAL SCIENCE** YEAR

**2016**, VOLUME

**20**, ISSUE

**Supplement 1**, PAGES [S197 - S206]

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