International Scientific Journal

Authors of this Paper

External Links


This paper presents CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) approach to prediction of the heat transfer coefficient for nucleate pool boiling under high heat fluxes. Three-dimensional numerical simulations of the atmospheric saturated pool boiling are performed. Mathematical modelling of pool boiling requires a treatment of vapor-liquid two-phase mixture on the macro level, as well as on the micro level, such as bubble growth and departure from the heating surface. Two-phase flow is modelled by the two-fluid model, which consists of the mass, momentum and energy conservation equations for each phase. Interface transfer processes are calculated by the closure laws. Micro level phenomena on the heating surface are modelled with the bubble nucleation site density, the bubble resistance time on the heating wall and with the certain level of randomness in the location of bubble nucleation sites. The developed model was used to determine the heat transfer coefficient and results of numerical simulations are compared with available experimental results and several empirical correlations. A considerable scattering of the predictions of the pool boiling heat transfer coefficient by experimental correlations is observed, while the numerically predicted values are within the range of results calculated by well-known Kutateladze, Mostinski, Kruzhilin and Rohsenow correlations. The presented numerical modeling approach is original regarding both the application of the two-fluid two-phase model for the determination of heat transfer coefficient in pool boiling and the defined boundary conditions at the heated wall surface. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 174014]
PAPER REVISED: 2015-07-27
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2015-08-28
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2016, VOLUME 20, ISSUE Supplement 1, PAGES [S113 - S123]
  1. J.G. Leidenfrost, On the fixation of water in diverse fire (From A Tract About Some Qualities of Common Water, 1756), International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 9 (1966), pp. 1153-1166.
  2. S. Nukiyama, Maximum and Minimum Values of Heat Transmitted from Metal to Boiling Water Under Atmospheric Pressure, Journal of the Japanese Society of Mechanical Engineers, 37 (1934), pp. 367-374, (in Japanese), International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 9 (1966), pp. 1419-1433. (in English).
  3. S.S. Kutateladze, On the transition to film boiling under natural convection, Kotloturbostrenie, 3 (1948), 10.
  4. S.S. Kutateladze, Hydrodynamic model of heat transfer crisis in free-convection boiling, J. Tech. Phys., 20 (1950), 11, pp. 1389-1392.
  5. N. Zuber, On the stability of boiling heat transfer, ASME J. Heat Transfer, 80 (1958), 2, pp. 711-720.
  6. S.S. Kutateladze, V.M. Borishanskii, A Concise Encyclopedia of Heat Transfer, Pergamon Press, New York, NY, USA, 1966 (Chapter 12).
  7. S.S. Kutateladze, Heat Transfer and Hydrodynamic Resistance: Handbook, Energoatomizdat Publishing House, Moscow, Russia, 1990, Chapter 12.7 (in Russian).
  8. G. N. Kruzhilin, Free-convection transfer of heat from a horizontal plate and boiling liquid, Doklady AN SSSR (Reports of the USSR Academy of Science), 58 (1947), 8, pp. 1657-1660 (in Russian).
  9. I.L. Mostinski, Application of the rule of corresponding states for calculation of heat transfer and critical heat flux, Teploenergetika, 4 (1963), 66.
  10. W. M. Rohsenow, A method of correlating heat transfer data for surface boiling of liquids, Transactions of the ASME, 74 (1952), pp. 969-976.
  11. I.L. Pioro, W. Rohsenow, S. S. Doerffer, Nucleate pool-boiling heat transfer. II: assessment of prediction methods, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 47 (2004), pp. 5045-5057.
  12. V.K. Dhir, Mechanistic prediction of nucleate boiling heat transfer-achievable or a hopeless task?, Journal of Heat Transfer, 128 (2006), pp. 1-12.
  13. T.G. Theofanous, J.P. Tu, A.T. Dinh, T.N. Dinh, The boiling crisis phenomenon Part I: nucleation and nucleate boiling transfer, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 26 (2002), pp. 775-792.
  14. T.G. Theofanous, T.N. Dinh, J.P. Tu, A.T. Dinh, The boiling crisis phenomenon Part II: dryout dynamics and burnout, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 26 (2002), pp. 793-810.
  15. J. Kim, Review of nucleate pool boiling bubble heat transfer mechanisms, International Journal of Multiphase Flow, 35 (2009), pp. 1067-1076.
  16. G. Son, V.K. Dhir, Numerical simulation of nucleate boiling on a horizontal surface at high heat fluxes, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 51 (2008), pp. 2566-2582.
  17. Sanna, C. Hutter, D.B.R. Kenning, T.G. Karayiannis, K. Sefiane, R.A. Nelson, Numerical investigation of nucleate boiling heat transfer on thin substrates, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 76 (2014), pp. 45-64.
  18. Z.D. Li, L. Zhang, J.-F. Zhao, H.X. Li, K. Li, K. Wu, Numerical simulation of bubble dynamics and heat transfer with transient thermal response of solid wall during pool boiling of FC-72, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 84 (2015), pp. 409-418.
  19. M. Pezo, V. Stevanović, Numerical prediction of critical heat flux in pool boiling with the two-fluid model, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 54 (2011), pp. 3296-3303.
  20. Y. Qi, J.F. Klausner, R. Mei, Role of surface structure in heterogeneous nucleation, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 47 (2004), pp. 3097-3107.
  21. W. Fritz, Berechnung des maximal Volumen von Dampfblasen, Physikalische Zeitschrift, 36 (1935), pp. 379-384.
  22. Isachenko, V. P., Osipova, V. A., Sukomel, A. S., Heat Transfer, Mir Publisher Moscow, (1980), pp. 311-312, 317.
  23. S.V. Patankar, Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow, Hemisphere Publishing Corporation, 1980.

© 2018 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence