THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

STUDIES ON ORANGE OIL METHYL ESTER IN DIESEL ENGINE WITH HEMISPHERICAL AND TOROIDAL COMBUSTION CHAMBER

ABSTRACT
An investigation has been made to compare the emission characteristics of 20% orange oil methyl ester and 80% diesel in volumetric basis with Neat diesel in hemispherical combustion chamber and toroidal combustion chamber. Non-edible orange oil is selected and utilized to prepare alternative fuel to be utilized in Diesel engine. The traditional method of transestrification is employed for preparation orange oil methyl ester. The chemical properties of prepared methyl ester were determined using fouriertransform infrared spectroscopy method. Further its fuel properties were found based on American Society for Testing and Materials standards and compared with Neat diesel fuel properties. A compression ignition engine with electrical dynamometer test rig with gas analyzer has been used. It is observed that 1% of NOx and 4% of HC emission reduced in toroidal combustion chamber engine. However, smoke emission is found to be lower in hemispherical combustion chamber engine.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2015-09-16
PAPER REVISED: 2016-01-10
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2016-02-04
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2016-11-13
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI16S4981K
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2016, VOLUME 20, ISSUE Supplement 4, PAGES [S981 - S989]
REFERENCES
  1. Yunus Khan, T.M., et al., Effects of Engine Variables and Heat Transfer on the Performance of Biodiesel Fueled IC Engines, Rene and Sus. Ener. Revie., 44 (2015), Apr., pp. 682-691
  2. Senthil Kumar, T., et al., Experimental Study on the Performance and Emission Measures of Direct Injection Diesel Engine with Kapok Methyl Ester and its Blends, Rene Ener., 74 (2015), Feb., pp. 903-909
  3. Vairamuthu, G., et al., Experimental Investigations on the Influence of Properties of Calophyllum inophyllum Biodiesel on Performance, Combustion, and Emission Characteristics of a DI Diesel Engine, International Journal of Ambient Energy, 2015 (2015), Feb., pp. 1-9
  4. Kivevele, T., et al., An Analysis of Fuel Properties of fatty Acid Methyl Ester from Manketti Seeds Oil, International Journal od Green Energy, 12 (2015), 4, pp. 291-296
  5. Nambirajan, S., et al., Bio-Oil Separation from Potential Non-Edible Urban Waste Source Putranjiva Roxburghii, Separation Sciemnce and Technology, 50 (2015), 13, pp. 2066-2074
  6. Plaban, B., et al., Microemulsion Based Hybrid Biofuels from Thevetiaperuviana Seed Oil: Structural and Dynamic Investigations, Fuel, 157 (2015), Oct., pp. 208-218
  7. Ilkilic, C., et al., Terebinth Oil for Biodiesel Production and its Diesel Engine Application, Journal of the Energy Institute, 88 (2014), 3, pp. 292-303
  8. Pali, H. S., et al., Performance and Emission Characteristics of an Agricultural Diesel Engine Fueled with Blends of Sal Methyl Esters and Diesel, Energy Conversion and Management, 90 (2015), Jan., pp. 146-153
  9. Kumar, R., et al., Optimization of Biodiesel Production from Manilkara zapota (L.) Seed Oil Using Taguchi method, Fuel, 140 (2015), Jan., pp. 90-96
  10. Ramalingam, S., Silambarasan, R., Annona: A New Biodiesel for Diesel Engine: a Comparative Experimental Investigation, Journal of the Energy Institute, 88 (2014), 4, pp. 459-469
  11. Rashid, U., et al., Transesterification for Biodiesel Production Using Thespesiapopulnea Seed Oil: An Optimization Study, International Journal of Green Energy, 12 (2015), 5, pp. 479-484
  12. Vedharaj, S., et al., Reduction of Harmful Emissions from a Diesel Engine Fueled by Kapok Methyl Ester Using Combined Coating and SNCR Technology, Energy Conversion and Management, 79 (2014), Mar., pp. 581-589
  13. Mofijur.,M., et al., Properties and Use of Moringa oleifera Biodiesel and Diesel Fuel Blends in aMulti-Cylinder Diesel Engine, Energy Conversion and Management, 82 (2014), June, pp. 169-176
  14. Prasanna Raj Yadav., S., et al., Fuel and Engine Characterization Study of Catalytically Cracked Waste Transformer Oil, Energy Conversion and Management, 96 (2015), May, pp. 490-498
  15. Jaichandar, S., Annamalai., K., Effects of Open Combustion Chamber Geometries on the Performance of Pongamia Biodiesel in a DI Diesel Engine, Fuel, 98 (2012), Aug., pp. 272-279
  16. Vedharaj, S., et al., Optimization of Combustion Bowl Geometry for the Operation of Kapok Biodiesel-Diesel Blends in a Stationary Diesel Engine, Fuel, 139 (2015), Jan., pp. 561-567
  17. Muthukumaran, N., et al., Synthesis of Cracked Calophylluminophyllum Oil Using Fly Ash Catalyst for Diesel Engine Application, Fuel, 155 (2015), Sep., pp. 68-76
  18. Jaichandar, S., Annamalai, K., Influences of Re-Entrant Combustion Chamber Geometry on the Performance of Pongamia Biodiesel in a DI Diesel Engine, Energy, 44 (2012), 1, pp. 633-640
  19. Purushothaman, K., Nagarajan, G., Experimental Investigation on a CI Engine Using Orange Oil and Orange Oil with DEE, Fuel, 88 (2009), 9, pp. 1732-1740
  20. Vedharaj, S., et al., Experimental and Finite Element Analysis of a Coated Diesel Engine Fueled by Cashew Nut Shell Liquid Biodiesel, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 53 (2014), Feb., pp. 259-268
  21. Karthikeyan, R., Mahalakshmi., N. V., Performance and Emission Characteristics of a Turpentine-Diesel Dual Fuel Engine, Energy, 32 (2007), 7, pp. 1202-1209
  22. Holman, J. P., Experimental Techniques for Engineers, 7th ed., Tata MCGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2004
  23. Vedharaj, S., et al., Effect of Adding 1, 4-Dioxane with Kapok Biodiesel on the Characteristics of a Diesel Engine, Applied Energy, 136 (2014), Dec., pp. 1166-1173
  24. Purushothaman, K., Nagarajan, G., Performance, Emission and Combustion Characteristics of a Compression Ignition Engine Operating on Neat Orange Oil, Renewable Energy, 34 (2009), 1, pp. 242-245
  25. Jaichandar, S., et al., Combined Effect of Injection Timing and Combustion Chamber Geometry on the Performance of a Biodiesel Fueled Diesel Engine, Energy, 47 (2012), 1, pp. 388-394
  26. Aydin, H., Combined Effects of Thermal Barrier Coating and Blending with Diesel Fuel on Usability of Vegetable Oils in Diesel Engines, Applied Thermal Engineering, 51 (2013), 1-2, pp. 623-629
  27. Jaichandar, S., Annamalai, K., Combined Impact of injection Pressure and Combustion Chamber Geometry on the Performance of a Biodiesel Fueled Diesel Engine, Energy, 55 (2013), June, pp. 330-339

© 2019 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence