International Scientific Journal


Buildings consume a significant amount of energy today and are expected to consume even more in the future. This consumption necessitates the use of fossil fuels such as coal and natural gas, both of which have significant environmental impacts. While renewable energy sources remain promising, the most of the energy supply will still use conventional fuels in the near term. Therefore, improving the energy efficiency in buildings is critical, and one of the central visions of “smart buildings” is to reduce their energy use while maintaining the same level of service and comfort. However, to make the buildings meaningfully “smart”, their envelopes must first be made compliant with the current energy efficiency standards. In this paper we first examine how the public awareness of energy efficiency was risen in Serbia through different demonstration projects, funded by the state budget and through implementation of the energy efficiency measures in public buildings, funded by municipal funds and soft loans from the banks. Then, we describe how the energy efficiency in buildings might further be increased by the use of new technologies and smart networks for control of the energy consumption. We finally argue that these controls should take into account the personal variables (activity, clothing) along with environmental variables (air temperature, velocity, and humidity) for an optimum thermal comfort to be achieved in public and residential buildings.
PAPER REVISED: 2014-11-07
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2014-11-18
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
  1. Majumdar, A., Albonesi, D.H., Bose, P. (2012), "Energy-Aware Meeting Scheduling Algorithms for Smart Buildings", Buildsys'12, November 6 2012, Toronto, Canada, pp.1-8
  2. Tanasiev, V., Badea, A. (2012), "Energy Efficiency through Intelligent Management of Building Equipment", U.P.B. Sci. Bull., Series C, Vol. 74, Issue 1, pp. 49-56, ISSN 1454-234x
  3. ***"Energy Strategy of the City of Belgrade by the Year 2030", Energoprojekt, 2007 (in Serbian)
  4. Oka, S., Sedmak, A., Đurović-Petrović, M. (2006), "Energy Efficiency in Serbia - Research and Development Activity", Thermal Science, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 5-32
  5. Oka, S., Sedmak, A., Đurović-Petrović, M. (2006), "Energy Efficiency in Serbia: National Energy Efficiency Program-Strategy and Priorities for the Future", Thermal Science, Vol. 10, Suppl.4, pp. 7-16
  6. ***"The World Bank - Serbian Partnership Program Snapshot", October 2012, Washington,
  7. Todorović M. S. (2010), "National Energy Efficiency Action Plan of Buildings in Serbia - An Approach to the Large Scale Municipal Energy Refurbishment", REHVA Journal, Vol. 47, Issue 6, December 2010, pp. 22-26.
  8. Oka, S. (2007), "Energy Efficiency in Serbia: Research and Development Activities", Chapter 16 in Hanjalić, K. et al., Sustainable Energy Technologies: Options and Prospects, Springer, pp. 281-301
  9. ***"Directive 2006/32/EC on Energy End-Use Efficiency and Energy Services", Official Journal of the European Union, 2006, Brussels, Belgium, 2006
  10. ***"Directive 2012/27/EC on Energy Efficiency", Official Journal of the European Union, 2012, Brussels, Belgium, 2012,
  11. Petrović BećirovićS., Vasić, M. (2013), "Methodology and Results of the Serbian Energy Efficiency Project", Energy and Buildings, Volume62, July2013, pp. 258-267
  12. Petrović Bećirović, S., Vasić, M. (2012), "Energy-efficient Refurbishment of Public Buildings in Serbia", REHVA Journal, December 2012, pp. 40-44
  13. Pantović, V., Dinić, S., Starčević, D. (2002), "Modern Business and Internet Technologies: Introduction to Digital Economy", Energoprojekt-Ingraf, Belgrade, pp. 1-361, ISBN:86-83723-01-1
  14. Vijaykumar, N. (2011), "Intelligent Buildings: A Green Move", SETLabs Briefings, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 73-82
  15. Mandić-Lukić, J.,Pantović, V., Vasiljević, Ž. (2012), "Impact of Stand-by Thermal Losses in Electronic Devices on Smart Network Performance", Thermal Science, Vol.16, No.4, pp.1339-1350.
  16. Weng, T., Agarwal, Y. (2012), "From Buildings to Smart Buildings - Sensing and Actuation to Improve Energy Efficiency", IEEE Design and Test of Computers, Special Issue on Green Buildings, Vol.29, No. 4, pp. 36-44
  17. Koutitas, G., Demestichas, P. (2010), "A Review of Energy Efficiency in Telecommunication Networks", Telfor Journal, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 2-7
  18. Huang, Q., Lu, C., Shaurette, M., (2010), "Feasibility Study of Indoor Light Energy Harvesting for Intelligent Building Environment Management", International High Performance Building Conference, Paper 18, pp.1-6
  19. Agarwal, Y., Weng, T., Gupta, R. (2009), "The Energy Dashboard: Improving the Visibility of Energy Consumption at a Campus-Wide Scale", Proceedings of the 1st ACM Workshop on Embedded Sensing Systems for Energy-Efficiency in Buildings BuildSys '09,New York, pp. 55-60
  20. De Paola, A. et al. (2012), "An Intelligent System for Energy Efficiency in a Complex of Buildings", Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Internet and ICT for Sustainability,, pp. 1-5
  21. Aničin, M., Pantović, V., (2014), "Knowledge, Skills, and Technique Synergy: Project Management Business Analysis and Business Process Management", InfoM, Vol. 13, No. 50, pp. 53-61 (in Serbian)
  22. Pantović, V., et al. (2014), "Lifelong Learning, Certification and Recertification in the Field of Project Management" (in Serbian), Proceedings of 22nd Telecommunication Forum TELFOR2014, Belgrade, 24-27 October 2014, pp. 67-70
  23. Charles, K.A., (2003), Fanger's Thermal Comfort and Draft Models, Institute for Research in Construction, Ottawa, Canada, IRC RR-162, October 10, 2003
  24. Humphreys, M.A., (1978), "Outdoor Temperatures and Comfort Indoors", Building Research and Practice (J. CIB), Vol. 6, No. 2, pp 92-105
  25. Nguyen, T.A., Aiello, M. (2013), "Energy Intelligent Buildings Based on User Activity", Energy and Buildings, Vol. 56, 2013, pp. 244-257
  26. Mesarović, M. (2008), "Neck Ties Down - the Globe is Warming Up", Proceedings of the 39th Congress on HVAC&R, Belgrade, 2008, pp. 20-28 (in Serbian), ISBN 978-86-81505-41-0

© 2019 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence