THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

Authors of this Paper

External Links

THE ROLE OF BIOMASS TO REPLACE FOSSIL FUELS IN A REGIONAL ENERGY SYSTEM: THE CASE OF WEST SWEDEN

ABSTRACT
This paper analyses the potential role of biomass to meet regional CO2 emission reduction targets up to year 2050 in two counties in the west of Sweden. It is concluded that the region could double its production capacity of solid biomass to 2030, from 6 to 12 TWh. Modelling of the electricity sector in the region indicates that bio-based electricity generation in combined heat and power plants could almost triple by 2050 while at the same time replace fossil based generation in district heating. Biomass can also contribute to fuel shift in the transport sector. Yet, the transport sector requires a series of actions to significantly reduce demand in combination with use of electricity and biofuels and its transformation is obviously strongly linked to an overall transformation of the European transport sector. The total need for biomass could potentially increase from 14 TWh in 2010 to 48 TWh already from 2040, considering the electricity and transport sectors and under the assumption that large energy savings can be achieved in the building sector and that all fossil based heat generation can be replaced by biomass heating. Assuming that biomass also replace the fossil based raw materials used by the industry, including three refineries, requires 170 TWh biomass to be compared to the 130 TWh currently used for the entire Sweden.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2015-12-16
PAPER REVISED: 2016-04-08
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2016-04-09
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2016-05-08
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI151216113K
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2016, VOLUME 20, ISSUE 4, PAGES [1023 - 1036]
REFERENCES
  1. ***, Covenant of Mayors, www.covenantofmayors.eu
  2. ***, International Energy Agency, Cities, Towns and Renewable Energy, www.iea.org
  3. Arteconi, A., et al., Assessment of the Impact of Local Energy Policies in Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions, WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, 131 (2010)
  4. Damsö, T., et al., Local Climate Action Plans in Climate Change Mitigation - Examining The Case of Denmark, Energy Policy, 89 (2016), pp. 74-83
  5. Brandoni, C., Polonara, F., The Role of Municipal Energy Planning in the Regional Energy-planning Process, Energy, 48 (2012), 1, pp. 323-338
  6. Loibnegger, T., Telling the Story in Austria - Sustainable Wood Energy Supply, Intelligent Energy Europe, Project Database, Wood Heat Solutions (WHS), ec.europa.eu/energy/intelligent
  7. Kjärstad, J., et al., Transforming the Energy System in Västra Götaland and Halland - Linking Short Term Actions to Long Term Goals, Department of Energy and Environment, Chalmers University of Technology, June 2015, ISBN 978-91-980974-6-7 (printed), ISBN 978-91-980974-7-4 (pdf)
  8. ***, Swedish Energy Agency, Energy in Sweden 2015, www.energimyndigheten.se
  9. ***, European Commission, State of Play on the Sustainability of Solid and Gaseous Biomass Used for Electricity, Heating and Cooling in the EU, Commission Staff Working Document SWD (2014) 259 final
  10. ***, Directorate General Energy, Carbon Impacts of Biomass Consumed in the EU: Quantitative As-sessment, Final Report, Project: DG ENER/C1/427, Part A: Main Report December 2015
  11. ***, Directorate General Internal Policies, The Impact of Biofuels on Transport and the Environment, and Their Connection with Agricultural Development in Europe, European Parliament February 2015
  12. IPCC Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation, Cambridge Uni-versity Press
  13. European Environment Agency, How Much Bioenergy Can Europe Produce Without Harming the Environment? Report nu 7/2006, ISBN 92-9167
  14. Elbersen, B., et al., Atlas of EU Biomass Potentials, Deliverable 3.3 in the Biomass Futures Project, Intelligent Energy Europe, ec.europa.eu/energy/intelligent
  15. Scarlat, N., The Role of Biomass and Bioenergy in a Future Bioeconomy: Policies and Facts, Environ-mental Development, 15 (2015), pp. 3-34, DOI No. 10.1016/j.envdev.2015.03.006
  16. ***, International Energy Agency, World Energy Outlook 2015
  17. Cherubini, F., The Bio-refinery Concept: Using Biomass Instead of Oil for Producing Energy and Chemicals, Energy Conversion and Management, 51 (2010), 7, pp. 1412-1421
  18. Sandén, B., Pettersson, K., System Perspectives on Bio-refineries, 2013 Edition, Chalmers University of Technology, ISBN 978-91-980973-2-0
  19. Wahlund, B., et al., A Total Energy System of Fuel Upgrading by Drying Biomass Feedstock for Co-generation: A Case Study of Skellefteå Bioenergy Combine, Biomass and Bioenergy, 23 (2002), 4, pp. 271-281
  20. County Administrative Board of Västra Götaland, Regional Environmental Targets for Västra Götaland County (in Swedish), Referral Version Dated 2014-07-07
  21. Averfalk, H., et al., Greenhouse Gases in Halland - A Targeted Analysis of Future Perspectives (in Swedish), hh.diva‐portal.org
  22. ***, Statistics Sweden, 2014, www.scb.se
  23. ***, RUS - Regional Development and Co-operation on the Environment (in Swedish), Contains, Among Others, the National Emission Database, projektwebbar.lansstyrelsen.se/rus
  24. Kjärstad, J., Johnsson, F., The European Power Plant Infrastructure − Presentation of the Chalmers Energy Infrastructure Database with Applications, Energy Policy, 35 (2007), 7, pp. 3643-3664
  25. Odenberger, M., et al., Pathways for the North European Electricity Supply, Energy Policy, 37 (2009), 5, pp. 1660-1677
  26. Former Elforsk AB now Energiforsk AB, Swedish Energy Research Centre, Roadmap for a Transport Sector Without Fossil Fuels by 2030 (in Swedish), Elforsk report 12:68
  27. Swedish Knowledge Centre for Renewable Transportation Fuels (F3), Sustainable Biofuels Today and in the Future (in Swedish), Report F3 2013:13, www.f3centre.se
  28. ***, PlasticsEurope, Plastics - the Facts 2012, An Analysis of European Plastics Production, Demand and Waste Data for 2011, www.plasticseurope.org

© 2017 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence