THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

THERMAL PROPERTIES AND WATER REPELLENCY OF COTTON FABRIC PREPARED THROUGH SOL-GEL METHOD

ABSTRACT
Cotton fabrics were treated by one-step sol-gel method. The pure silica hydrosol and phosphorus-doped hydrosol were prepared with the addition of a hydrophobic hexadecyltrimethoxysilane to decrease the surface energy of cotton fabric. The thermal properties and water repellency of treated cotton fabric were characterized by thermo-gravimetric analysis, micro combustion, limiting oxygen index, and contact angle measurement. The results showed that cotton fabric treated by phosphorus-doped silica hydrosol had excellent flame retardance, and the water repellence was apparently improved with the addition of hexadecyltrimethoxysilane.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2015-11-10
PAPER REVISED: 2015-12-30
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2015-12-30
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2016-08-13
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI1603863G
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2016, VOLUME 20, ISSUE 3, PAGES [863 - 866]
REFERENCES
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© 2021 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence