International Scientific Journal


The experimental study of integral characteristics of extinguishing liquid (water) droplet evaporation in flaming combustion area has been held. Optical methods of two-phase and heterogeneous mixtures diagnostics (“Particle Image Velocimetry” and “Interferometric Particle Imaging”) have been used for heat and mass transfer process investigation. It was established that small-size solid particles (for example, carbon particles) in droplet structure can enhance water evaporation in flame area. It was shown that the rate of evaporation process depends on concentration and sizes of solid particles in a water droplet. The correlations have been determined between the sizes of solid particles and water droplets for maximum efficiency of fire extinguishing. The physical aspects of the problem have been discussed.
PAPER REVISED: 2015-01-16
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2015-01-16
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