THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

TEMPERATURE AND OTHER MICROCLIMATE CONDITIONS IN THE OAK FORESTS ON FRUšKA GORA (SERBIA)

ABSTRACT
The paper presents the most important data on temperature and other microclimate conditions (solar radiation and light regime) in the 127 year old even-aged pure sessile oak forest in the National Park ‘Fruška Gora’ in Serbia. Data collection was conducted in July 2008, using an automatic weather station ‘WS-GP1’ and a luxmeter with a selenium photocell. The study stands are located on the east and west facing sides of a ridge at an altitude of 475m. The slope inclination is 27° and 32°. The canopy is sparse to complete (0.6 to 0.7). The paper presents comparative research results for the eastern and western aspect, which are further compared with the data from the reference weather station ‘Rimski Šančevi’. The intensity and trend of microclimate changes depend on the type of forest, its structure, geographical location, canopy closure and other features. Microclimate research results indicate that during the research period the maximum air temperature of the eastern aspect was 24.8°C, which was 3.6°C below the maximum measured at the reference station. The maximum air temperature of the western aspect amounted to 31.0°C, which was 2.8°C below the value measured in the open. The maximum total solar radiation of the eastern aspect was 769W/m2 (at 11.08), and 634W/m2 (at 15.31) of the western. The research determined that the east-facing stand had the light intensity of 6,766.3Lx/m2, while the light transmission coefficient amounted to 14.8%; the west-facing stand had the light intensity of 9213.8Lx/m2 and the light transmission coefficient of 19.3%. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 43007: Survey of the impact of the climate change on the environment: monitoring of impacts, adaptation and mitigation]
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2015-04-30
PAPER REVISED: 2015-07-27
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2015-07-30
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2015-08-08
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI150430116B
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2015, VOLUME 19, ISSUE Supplement 2, PAGES [S415 - S425]
REFERENCES
  1. Kenk G., et al., Referenzdaten zum Waldwachstum, Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe, KfKPEF 82, 59, (1991)
  2. Pretzsch H., Wachstumsmerkmale süddeutscher Kiefernbestände in denletzten 25 Jahren. Forstl. Forsch. München 65, 183, (1985)
  3. Röhle H., Zum Wachstum der Fichte auf Hochleistungsstandorten in Südbayern. Ertragskundliche Auswertung langfristig beobachteter Versuchsreihen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von Trendänderungen im Wuchsverhalten. Habil. Forstl. Fak., LMU München (1994), 249
  4. von Gadow K., Forsteinrichtung - Adaptive Steuerung und mehrpfadprinzip, Universitätsdrucke Göttingen, p. 163 (2006)
  5. Pretzsch H., et al., Changes of forest stand dynamics in Europe, Facts from longterm observational plots and their relevance for forest ecology and management, Forest Ecology and Management (2014), 316, pp. 65-77
  6. Nagel J., et al., Zum informationspotenzial langfristiger forstlicher versuchsflächen und periodischer waldinventuren für die waldwachstumskundliche forschung, vol. 183. Allgemeine Forst- undJagdzeitung. Jg. (2012), 5/6, pp. 111-116
  7. Spittlehouse D., Climate change, impacts, and adaptation scenarios: climate change and forest and range management in British Columbia. B.C. Minist. For. Range, For. Sci. Program, Victoria, BC. Tech.Rep. 045, (2008)
  8. Radovanović M., et al., Climate Changes Instead of Global Warming, Thermal Science, 18 (2014), 3, pp. 1055-1061
  9. Abdussamatov H., Current long-term negative average annual energy balance of the earth leads to the new little ice age, Thermal Science, (2014), (thermalscience.vinca.rs/online-first) doi: 10.2298/TSCI140902018A
  10. Stefanović V., Contribution to the microclimate of some forest sites in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, Radovi (1963), 6
  11. Kolić B., Effect of the terrain aspect and local conditions on the changes in microclimate conditions in the Abieto-Fagetum stand on Goc, (Aktuelni problemi šumarstva i drvne industrije) (1972) Current problems in the forestry and timber industry, Faculty of Forestry, University of Belgrade
  12. Kolić B., Determination of light intensity and light regimes in forest communities using stationary isohel method, Ekologija 10 (1975), 2, pp. 155-164
  13. Kolić B., Stojanovic, Lj., Research results on microclimatic characteristics of the edges of beech forest stands (Fagetum montanum oxalidetosum) on Crni Vrh near Bor, Glasnik Šumarskog fakulteta (1986), 67
  14. Krstić M., Influence of some elements of stand structure upon the light regime in a mixed forest of beech and fir on the mountain of Goc, Šumarstvo (1986), 3-4, Society of Forestry Engineers and Technicians,
  15. Stojanović Lj., Effect of aspect and regimes of light on the development of new growth in spruce forests on Golija, Nedeljko Kosanin Symposium, Ivanjica 11-13.10.1990, Proceedings (1991), pp. 39 - 46
  16. Stojanović Lj., Kolić B., Change in the intensity of solar radiation on the forest edges, Glasnik Šumarskog fakulteta (1985), 64, pp. 149 - 155
  17. Stojanović Lj., Kolić B., Impact of thinning on the changes in microclimate conditions in young beech forests, Šumarstvo (1988), 2-3 Belgrade
  18. Govedar Z., et al., Research on microclimate conditions of mixed forests of fir and spruce (Abieti Piceetum illyricum) in the area of Drinić in the Republic of Srpska, Šumarstrvo (2010), 3-4, Society of Forestry Engineers and Technicians Serbia and Faculty of Forestry, Belgrade, pp. 51-60
  19. Babić V., Contribution to the study of light regime in sessile oak stands on Fruška Gora, International Scientific Conference: Forest ecosystems and climate changes, Proceedings, Institute of Forestry, March 9-10 (2010), Belgrade, Serbia, pp. 35-41
  20. Babić V., Contribution to the study of microclimate conditions in the stands of sessile oak in Fruška Gora, International Scientific Conference: Forestry science and practice for the purpose of sustainable development of forestry - 20years of the Faculty of Forestry in Banja Luka, Book of abstracts, Faculty of Forestry, November 1-4, Banja Luka (2012), Republic of Srpska/B&H
  21. Babić V., et al., Microclimate conditions in the stands of sessile oak on acid brown and lessive acid brown soils in Fruska Gora, International Scientific Conference: First Serbian Forestry Congress - Future with forests, Proceedings, University of Belgrade, Faculty of Forestry, November 11-13 (2010), Belgrade, pp. 135-141
  22. Dukić D., Klimatologija (Climatology) Scientific book, Belgrade (1981)
  23. Milosavljević M., Klimatologija (Climatology) Scientific book, Belgrade (1984)
  24. Kolić B., Šumarska ekoklimatologija sa osnovama fizike atmosfere, (Forest ecoclimatology with the basics of athmospheric physics), Scientific book, Belgrade (1988)
  25. Hemery G., Short-Term Scientific Mission report for Working Group 1, COST Action E42, 73p., 2007
  26. Vanwalleghem T., Meentemeyer R., Predicting forest microclimate in heterogeneous landscapes, Ecosystems (2009), 12, pp. 1158-1172
  27. Lindner M., et al., Climate change impacts, adaptive capacity, and vulnerability of European forest ecosystems, Forest Ecology and Management (2010), 259, pp. 698-709
  28. Kolić B., Šumarska ekoklimatologija (mikroklima šumskih staništa), ((Forest ecoclimatology (microclimate of forest sites)), Scientific book, Belgrade (1978)
  29. Bunuševac T., Gajenje šuma, knjiga I, (Silviculture) Vol. 1, Scientific book, Belgrade (1951)
  30. Gburčik P., Šumarska ekoklimatologija, (Forest ecoclimatology), Faculty of Forestry University of Belgrade, Belgrade (1995)
  31. Katić P., et al., Klima SAP Vojvodine, (Climate of SAP Vojvodina), Faculty of Agriculture - Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops, Novi Sad (1979)
  32. Babić V., Impact of environmental conditions and stand characteristics on the natural regeneration of forests of sessile oak (Quercus petraeae agg. Ehr.) on Fruška Gora, dissertation manuscript, University of Belgrade Faculty of Forestry, Belgrade (2014), pp. 1-305
  33. ***, (2008) www.hidmet.gov.rs/ciril/meteorologija/klimatologija.php
  34. Janković M., Contribution to the methodology of applying the light meter with selenium photocell in geobotany and phyto-climate studies of forest communities, Archives of Biological Sciences XI (1959), 1-4
  35. Biggs W., Radiation Measurement-V: Genstel, W.G. (ur.), Procedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on "Advanced Agricultural Instrumentation", (1984), Dodrecht, Matrinus Nijhoff Publishers, 5 s
  36. Kunz S., Anwendungsorientierte Kartierung der Besonnung im regionalen Masstab. - Geogr. Bernensia 19, (1983), 87 s
  37. Brunner A., Ökologische Lichtmessung im Wald.- Forstarchiv (1994), 65, s 133-138
  38. Mitscherlich G., Wald, Wachstum und Umwelt. Bd. II: Waldklima und Wasserhaushalt- Sauerlander (1971), 365 s
  39. Krstić M., Research on ecological and production characteristics of sessile oak forests and selection of the best regeneration methods in the area of northeastern Serbia, dissertation manuscript, Faculty of Forestry University of Belgrade, Belgrade (1989)
  40. Krstić M., Kitnjakove šume Đerdapskog područja-stanje i uzgojne mere, (Sessile oak forests of Djerdap region - state and silvicultural measures), monograph, Academic thought, Belgrade (2003)
  41. Mayer H., Gebirgswaldbau Schutzwaldpflege, Gusstav Fisher Verlang (1976), Stuttgart

© 2019 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence