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EFFECTS OF ETHANOL ADDED FUEL ON EXHAUST EMISSIONS AND COMBUSTION IN A PREMIXED CHARGE COMPRESSION IGNITION DIESEL ENGINE

ABSTRACT
The use of diesel engines for vehicle has been increasing recently due to its higher thermal efficiency and lower CO2 emission level. However, in the case of diesel engine, NOx increases in a high temperature combustion region and particulate matter is generated in a fuel rich region. Therefore, the technique of PCCI (premixed charge compression ignition) is often studied to get the peak combustion temperature down and to make a better air-fuel mixing. However it also has got a limited operating range and lower engine power produced by the wall wetting and the difficulty of the ignition timing control. In this research, the effect of injection strategies on the injected fuel behavior, combustion and emission characteristics in a PCCI engine were investigated to find out the optimal conditions for fuel injection, and then ethanol blended diesel fuel was used to control the ignition timing. As a result, the combustion pressures and ROHR (rate of heat release) of the blended fuel became lower, however, IMEP showed fewer differences. Especially in the case of triple injection, smoke could be reduced a little and NOx emission decreased a lot by using the ethanol blended fuel simultaneously without much decreasing of IMEP compared to the result of 100% diesel fuel.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2014-08-31
PAPER REVISED: 2015-06-25
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2015-08-28
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2015-09-06
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI140831120K
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2015, VOLUME 19, ISSUE 6, PAGES [1887 - 1896]
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