THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

MECHANOCHEMICAL PRODUCTION OF LIGNIN-CONTAINING POWDER FUELS FROM BIOTECHNICAL INDUSTRY WASTE: A REVIEW

ABSTRACT
In biotechnological processing of plant raw materials, carbohydrates that are soluble and accessible for microorganisms are the only usable components. The lignin-rich part of the plant raw materials usually ends up in the waste. Lignin transferred into water suspensions cannot be used efficiently as a fuel. In this review, a new processing scheme of plant raw materials is presented, which includes mechanochemical treatment of the plant raw materials and separation of the powder product into particles of lignified and non-lignified tissues rich in lignin and cellulose, respectively. The cellulose-rich powders can then be used in biotechnological processes. Lignin-rich powder aerodynamically separated using cyclone-type apparatus can be used as a powder fuel to satisfy the needs of the main biotechnological plant in heat and steam.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2013-08-20
PAPER REVISED: 2013-12-01
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2013-12-02
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2013-12-22
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI130820167L
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2015, VOLUME 19, ISSUE 1, PAGES [219 - 229]
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