## THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

### EXPERIMENTAL AND NUMERICAL INVESTIGATION OF FLOW AROUND A SPHERE WITH DIMPLES FOR VARIOUS FLOW REGIMES

**ABSTRACT**

Flow over a sphere is a typical bluff-body flow with many engineering applications. However, it has not been studied in depth, as compared to flow over a circular cylinder, because of the difficulties in the experimental set-up as well as in the computational approach for studying flow over a sphere. The main challenges are to understand the flow hydrodynamics and to clarify the flow pattern around a dimpled sphere because the flow pattern complying with the dimple structure on its surface is very complicated. In this paper experimental and numerical investigations of the fluid flow around a sphere with dimples, are represented. The sphere with dimples is placed in a quadratic cross section duct (measuring section) and numerical simulation results are obtained by solving RANS equations. Furthermore, experimental measurements are carried out using a Laser-Doppler Anemometer (LDA). Experimental and numerical results of flow velocity fields were compared for three different flow regimes (Re=8×103, 2×104 and 4×104). Numerical investigation was performed for wide range of Reynolds numbers (Re=270%106). The final purpose of this paper is experimental and numerical determination of velocity field, separation point, pressure and drag coefficient, the length of reverse flow region in the wake and RANS turbulent model which gives the best results for engineering practice.

**KEYWORDS**

PAPER SUBMITTED: 2012-04-12

PAPER REVISED: 2012-05-09

PAPER ACCEPTED: 2012-06-04

**THERMAL SCIENCE** YEAR

**2012**, VOLUME

**16**, ISSUE

**4**, PAGES [1013 - 1026]

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