THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

ENERGY EFFICIENCY AS A CRITERION IN THE VEHICLE FLEET MANAGEMENT PROCESS

ABSTRACT
Transport represents an industry sector with intense energy consumption, the road transport sector within is the dominant subsector. The objective of the research presented in this paper is in defining the activities which applied within road freight transport companies contribute to enhancing vehicles’ energy efficiency. Vehicle fleet operation management process effects on fuel consumption decrease have been looked into. Operation parameters that influence vehicle fuel consumption were analyzed. In this sense, a survey has been realized in order to evaluate the vehicle load factor impact on the specific fuel consumption. Measures for enhancing vehicle’s logistics efficiency have been defined. As a tool for those measures’ implementation an algorithm for vehicle fleet operation management was developed which represented a basis for a dedicated software package development for vehicle dispatching process decision support. A set of measures has been recommended and their effects in fuel savings were evaluated.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2009-07-19
PAPER REVISED: 2010-05-18
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2010-05-20
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI090719010V
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2010, VOLUME 14, ISSUE 4, PAGES [865 - 878]
REFERENCES
  1. Zachariadis T. and Kouvaritakis N. (2003), Long-term outlook of energy use and CO2 emissions from transport in central and eastern Europe, Energy Policy, 31(2003), pp.759-773
  2. EC (2001), White Paper, European transport policy for 2010: time to decide, COM(2001) 370 final, Brussels, Belgium
  3. Momčilović V. (2005), Vehicle Fleet Energy Efficiency Enhancement, M.Sc. thesis, University of Belgrade - Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering, Belgrade (original in Serbian)
  4. Oka S., Sedmak A., and Đurović-Petrović M. (2006) Energy efficiency in Serbia - Research and development activity, Thermal Science: 10(2006),2, pp.5-32
  5. Stefanović G.M., Trajanović M.D., Duić N.Z. and Ferk M.M. (2008), Pollution data tracking in the western Balkan countries: A state-of-the-art review, Thermal Science, 12(2008),4, pp.105-112
  6. Vuchic V.R. (2008), Transport systems and policies for sustainable cities, Thermal Science, 12(2008),4, pp.7-17
  7. DETR. (2002) Energy Efficiency Best Practice Programme: Fuel Management Guide, Department of Environment, Transport and Regions, (DETR), London, UK
  8. Federal Railroad Administration (2009), Comparative Evaluation of Rail and Truck Fuel Efficiency on Competitive Corridors, Final Report, Washington
  9. Ruzzenenti, F. and Basosi, R. (2009), Evaluation of the energy efficiency evolution in the European road freight transport sector, Energy Policy, 37(2009), pp.4079-4085
  10. Lastauto omnibus, www.lastauto.de/
  11. Stojiljković, D. (2009), Alternative fuels for the internal combustion engines in the 21st century, University of Belgrade, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Belgrade, Serbia
  12. Singaram L. (2009), Biodiesel: An eco-friendly alternate fuel for the future - a review, Thermal Science, 13(2009),3, pp.185-199
  13. DfT (2003), The Safe and Fuel Efficient Driving (SAFED) Standard, Reference: GPG 2100, AEA Technology plc, 329 Harwell, Didcot, Oxfordshire, University of Huddersfield and FuelMaster Logisitcs Ltd, United Kingdom
  14. Jović, J.J. and Đorić, V.D. (2009), Application of transport demand modeling in pollution estimation of a street network, Thermal Science, 13(2009),3, pp.229-243
  15. Han, S. (2003), Dynamic traffic modelling and dynamic stochastic user equilibrium assignment for general road networks, Transportation Research Part B, 37(2003), pp.225-249
  16. Kamakat, F. and Schipper, L. (2009), Trends in truck freight energy use and carbon emissions in selected OECD countries from 1973 to 2005, Energy Policy, 37(2009), pp.3743-3751
  17. European Environment Agency (EEA) (2007), Indicator Fact Sheet: TERM 2005 30 Load factors in freight transport, 2nd Draft, http://themes.eea.europa.eu/Sectors_and_activities/transport/indicators/TERM30%2C2005.09
  18. Joumard, R., Andre, M., Vidon, R., and Tassel, P. (2003), Characterizing real unit emissions for light duty goods vehicles, Atmospheric Environment, 37(2003), pp.5217-5225
  19. Noland, R.B., Ochieng, W.Y., Quddus, M.A., North, R.J., and Polak, J.W. (2004), The vehicle emissions and performance monitoring system: Analysis of tailpipe emissions and vehicle performance, Transportation Planning and Technology, 27(2004),6, pp.431-447
  20. Tong, H.Y., Hung, W.T., and Cheung, C.S. (2000), On-road motor vehicle emissions and fuel consumption in urban driving conditions, Journal of Air and Waste Management Association, 50(2000), pp.543-554
  21. Vojtisek-Lom, M. and Allsop, J.E. (2001), Development of heavy-duty diesel portable, on-board mass exhaust emissions monitoring system with NOx, CO2 and qualitative PM capabilities, SAE Technical Paper 2001-01-2641; Society of Automotive Engineers, Warrendale PA, USA
  22. Momčilović V., Vujanović D., Mijailović R., and Papić V. (2009), Exploring the options to decrease CO2 emissions within the vehicle fleet operation process, Tehnika - saobraćaj, 56(2009),5, pp.1-9 (original in Serbian)
  23. Olsthoorn X. (2003), Implications of globalization for CO2 emissions from transport, Transportation Planning and Technology, 26(2003),1, pp.105-133

© 2019 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence