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COMPUTATIONAL STUDY OF SMOKE FLOW CONTROL IN GARAGE FIRES AND OPTIMIZATION OF THE VENTILATION SYSTEM

ABSTRACT
With the aim of evaluating capabilities of a ventilation system to control the spread of smoke in the emergency operating mode, thereby providing conditions for safe evacuation of people from a fire-struck area, computational fluid dynamics simulation of a fire in a semi-bedded garage was conducted. Using the experimental results of combustion dynamics of a passenger car on fire, optimal positions of ventilation openings were determined. According to recommendations by DIN EN 12101 standard, the operating modes of a ventilation system were verified and optimal start time of the smoke extraction system was defined.
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PAPER SUBMITTED: 2008-12-01
PAPER REVISED: 2008-12-24
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2009-01-01
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI0901069B
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2009, VOLUME 13, ISSUE 1, PAGES [69 - 78]
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© 2019 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence