In its new energy and climate change policies, released in January 2008, European Union has made the most daring change of energy policy up to date. It has decided to set up biding target of 20% renewables in primary energy mix by 2020, to reduce green house gases emissions
by 20% by 2020, and reduction of primary energy use by 20% by 2020. A significant technology shift will be necessary to fulfill such goals, but it is already clear that technologies that will be
used are available, mainly in the area of renewable electricity and heat generation, biofuels, energy efficiency, especially in buildings, co-generation, nuclear energy in those countries in
which it is politically acceptable, which will all be achieved by a combination of binding targets, certificate trading, and fiscal policies.
South Eastern Europe, in its multispeed integration process into the European Union, is soon going to realize that this entire new energy package applies to it also. Assessing from the accession
of Malta and Cyprus into EU, two countries not obliged by reduction target by the Kyoto Protocol, the countries of the Western Balkans will have to join the Emission Trading
System. Also, it is implicitly possible to calculate that in most of countries of the region the renewable energy in the primary energy mix will have to be in creased by 10%, implying huge investments
in biomass, wind, solar, and hydro sectors.
The Dubrovnik Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems, its 4th session held in 2007 was dedicated to the improvement and dissemination
of knowledge on methods, policies, and technologies for in creasing the sustainability of development, taking into account its economic, environmental, and social pillars, as well as
methods for assessing and measuring sustainability of development, regarding energy, transport, water, and environ ment systems and their many combinations. Sustainability being also a
perfect field for interdisciplinary and multi-cultural evaluation of complex system, the Dubrovnik Conference has during the first decade of the 21st century become a significant venue
for researchers in those areas to meet, and discuss, share, and disseminate new ideas.
, VOLUME 12
, ISSUE 4
, PAGES [3 - 3]