International Scientific Journal


Regarding to the structure of final energy consumption in buildings and National Action Plans, the paper gives a short overview of energy consumption in buildings in Serbia, showing that the greatest potential for achieving savings lies in the implementation of measures which improve energy efficiency. Considering that over 60% of energy requirements for buildings is related to thermal energy, particular attention should be paid to the centralized heating systems, both during the design of a new system, and in the reconstruction of the existing one. Further discussed are the heat sources for the heating systems. The seasonal heat load duration curve for winter conditions in accordance to the Typical Meteorological Year for Belgrade is constructed and displayed. The analysis of the conventional system with a fossil fuel source, as well as the analysis of a hybrid heat source are conducted. The savings achieved in the primary energy, heating bills and CO2 emission reduction, which are attained by the use of a hybrid system, are shown in comparison with the conventional systems. Collecting data on investment costs, as well as the prices of energy and fuels in Serbian market, enabled calculation of the payback period when replacing the conventional system by the new hybrid one.
PAPER REVISED: 2019-04-05
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2019-04-21
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THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2019, VOLUME 23, ISSUE Supplement 5, PAGES [S1683 - S1693]
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© 2024 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, National Institute of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence