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Application of videogrammetry in the mechanics of multi-phase systems

This paper is a description of the evolution of long-term research work on two-phase flows using parallel studies of dynamic image analysis and stochastic processes analysis. The state of current knowledge on the research of gas-solid and gas-liquid systems as well as a review of research relating to these issues are also presented. The work grants the principles of videogrammetric surveys based on stochastic analysis for a series of photographs taken with video techniques. The method applies the analysis of changes in selected features and parameters in the time domain. Especially in application to multiphase gas-liquid and solid-gas mixture flows, which are characterized by strong variabilities. Parameters such as flow patterns of the mixture were determined as time-space distributions of phase concentration, displacement velocities of separated two-phase structures, volume partitions of phases, and velocity field distributions are evaluated. The changes of certain parameters characterizing the flow in the time domain often hide more useful information. The subject of this study covers the basics of videogrammetry with a description of two-phase mixture motion for co-current flow in channels, mapping of the phase velocity field, also across the tube bundle in shell-and-tube apparatus, phase motion at the flow of a two-phase gas-liquid mixture in mini-channels, transport of liquids in air-lift pump and fluidization of solid particles.
PAPER REVISED: 2020-06-11
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2020-06-15
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