THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

Thermal Science - Online First

Authors of this Paper

External Links

online first only

Boiling heat transfer of nanofluids: A review of recent studies

ABSTRACT
Adding solid particles of nanometer scale to fluids is one of the most important passive methods of enhancing heat transfer performance. However, this gives numerous chances to investigate new frontiers, but also raises remarkable difficulties. Nanofluids act as suspension that can be obtained by dispersing nanometer-sized nanoparticles (1-100nm) in host fluids with the aim of enhancing thermal properties. This paper is a review of recent studies on boiling heat transfer of nanofluids for pool and convective flow boiling of nanofluids. The research results, collected since 2012 to present of the recent survey are reviewed and briefly outlined. An emphasis is put on the enhancement and the deterioration of the boiling heat transfer coefficient (BHTC) and critical heat flux (CHF) of pool and convective flow boiling of nanofluids. Other important parameters affecting the boiling of nanofluids are identified and discussed in this review; while preparing future studies is greatly encouraged in order make this phenomenon well understood.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2017-04-19
PAPER REVISED: 2017-09-27
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2017-10-29
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2017-11-18
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI170419216K
REFERENCES
  1. Murshed, S., et al., A review of boiling and convective heat transfer with nanofluids, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15 (2011), pp. 2342-2354.
  2. Kamel, M.S., et al., Heat Transfer Enhancement Using Nanofluids: A Review of the Recent Literature, American Journal of Nano Research and Applications, 4, (2016), 1, pp. 1-5.
  3. Choi, S.U.S., Estman, J., Enhancing thermal conductivity of fluids with nanoparticles, Procceding Int. Mechanical engineering congress and exhibition, San Francisco, CA, United States, 1995, pp. 99-105.
  4. Fang, X., et al., Heat transfer and critical heat flux of nanofluid boiling: A comprehensive review, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 62 (2016), pp. 924-940.
  5. Salari, E., Boiling Heat Transfer of Alumina Nano-Fluids: Role of Nanoparticle Deposition on the Boiling Heat Transfer Coefficient, Periodica Polytechnica Chemical Engineering, 60 (2016) , 4, pp. 252-258.
  6. Salari, E., Boiling Thermal Performance of TiO2 Aqueous Nanofluids as a Coolant on a Disc Copper Block, Periodica Polytechnica Chemical Engineering, 60, (2016), 2, pp. 106-122.
  7. Afrand, A., et al., Experimental investigation and simulation of flow boiling of nanofluids in different flow directions, Physica E (2016), dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physe.2016.10.026.
  8. Yang, Y.M., Maa J.R., Boiling of suspension of solid particles in water, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 2 (1984) , pp.145-147.
  9. Madhusree, K., Dey T.K., Investigations on the pool boiling heat transfer and critical heat flux of ZnO-ethylene glycol nanofluids, Applied Thermal Engineering, 37 (2012), pp. 112-119.
  10. Jung, J., et al., The study on the critical heat flux and pool boiling heat transfer coefficient of binary nanofluids (H2O/LiBr + Al2O3), international journal of refrigeration, 36 (2013), pp. 1056-1061.
  11. Sarafraz, M., Hormozi F, Nucleate pool boiling heat transfer characteristics of dilute Al2O3-ethyleneglycol nanofluids, International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, 58 (2014), pp. 96-104.
  12. Kim, J., et al., Effect of a graphene oxide coating layer on critical heat flux enhancement under pool boiling, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 77 (2014) , pp.919-927.
  13. Ham, J., Cho H, Theoretical analysis of pool boiling characteristics of Al2O3 nanofluid according to volume concentration and nanoparticle size, Applied Thermal Engineering, 108 (2016), pp. 158-171.
  14. Yanwei, H., et al., Effect of nanoparticle size and concentration on boiling performance of SiO2 nanofluid, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 107 (2017), pp. 820-828.
  15. Shoghl, S., et al., The boiling performance of ZnO, α-Al2O3 and MWCNTs/ water nanofluids: An experimental study, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 80 (2017), pp. 27-39.
  16. Kiyomura, I.S., et al., An analysis of the effects of nanoparticles deposition on characteristics of the heating surface and ON pool boiling of water, International Journal Heat Mass Transfer (2016), dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2016.09.051
  17. Wen, D., Influence of nanoparticles on boiling heat transfer, Applied Thermal Engineering, 41 (2012), pp. 2-9.
  18. Okawa, T., et al., Boiling time effect on CHF enhancement in pool boiling of nanofluids, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 55 (2012), pp. 2719-2725.
  19. Raveshi, M.R., et al., Experimental investigation of pool boiling heat transfer enhancement of alumina-water-ethylene glycol nanofluids, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 44 (2013), pp. 805-814.
  20. Ciloglu, D., Bolukbasi .A, A comprehensive review on pool boiling of nanofluids, Applied Thermal Engineering, 84 (2015), pp. 45-63.
  21. Shahmoradi, Z., et al., Pool boiling characteristics of nanofluid on flat plate based on heater surface analysis, International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, 47 (2013), pp. 113-120.
  22. Tang, X., et al., Experimental investigation of the nucleate pool boiling heat transfer characteristics of ɤ-Al2O3-R141b nanofluids on a horizontal plate, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 52 (2014), pp. 88-96.
  23. Amiri, A., Pool boiling heat transfer of CNT/water nanofluids, Applied Thermal Engineering, 71 (2014), pp. 450-459.
  24. Kim, J., Effect of a graphene oxide coating layer on critical heat flux enhancement under pool boiling, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 77 (2014), pp. 919-927.
  25. Umesh, V., Raja B., A study on nucleate boiling heat transfer characteristics of pentane and CuO-pentane nanofluid on smooth and milled surfaces, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 64 (2015), pp. 23-29.
  26. Mori, S., et al., Enhancement of the critical heat flux in saturated pool boiling of water by nanoparticle-coating and a honeycomb porous plate, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 80 (2015), pp. 1-6.
  27. Sarafraz, M.M ., Hormozi F., Pool boiling heat transfer to dilute copper oxide aqueous nanofluids, International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 90 (2015), pp. 224-237.
  28. Xing, M., et al., Effects of surface modification on the pool boiling heat transfer of MWNTs/water nanofluids, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 103 (2016), pp. 914-919.
  29. Sarafraz, M.M., et al., Critical heat flux and pool boiling heat transfer analysis of synthesized zirconia aqueous nano-fluids, International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, 70 (2016), pp. 75-83.
  30. Sarafraz, M.M., et al., Pool boiling heat transfer to aqueous alumina nano-fluids on the plain and concentric circular micro-structured (CCM) surfaces, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 72 (2016), pp. 125-139.
  31. Yanwei, H., et al., Effect of nanoparticle size and concentration on boiling performance of SiO2 nanofluid, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 107 (2017), pp. 820-828.
  32. Abdollahi, A., et al., Experimental analysis of magnetic field effect on the pool boiling heat transfer of a ferrofluid, Applied Thermal Engineering, 111 (2017), pp.1101-1110.
  33. Shoghl, S., et al., The boiling performance of ZnO, α-Al2O3 and MWCNTs/ water nanofluids: An experimental study, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 80 (2017), pp. 27-39.
  34. Fang, X., et al., A review of flow boiling heat transfer of nanofluids, Applied Thermal Engineering, 91 (2015), pp. 1003-1017.
  35. Cheng, L., Liu L, Boiling and two-phase flow phenomena of refrigerant-based nanofluids: Fundamentals, applications and challenges, International journal of refrigeration, 36 (2013), pp. 421-446.
  36. Chehade., A.A, et al., boiling local heat transfer enhancement in minichannels using nanofluids, Nanoscale Research Letters, 8, (2013), 1, pp.1-20.
  37. Faukner, D., et al., Practical design of a 1000 W/cm2 cooling system, Proceeding. 19th IEEE Semiconductor Thermal Measurement and Management Symposium, San Jose, CA, 2003, pp.11-13.
  38. Lee, S., et al., Critical heat flux enhancement in flow boiling of Al2O3 and SiC nanofluids under low pressure and low flow conditions, Nuclear Engineering And Technology, 44 (2012), 4.
  39. Abedini, E., et al., Numerical investigation of subcooled flow boiling of a nanofluid, International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 64 (2013), pp. 232-239.
  40. Om Shankar Prajapati, Nirupam Rohatgi, Flow Boiling Heat Transfer Enhancement by Using ZnO-Water Nanofluids, Hindawi Publishing Corporation, Science and Technology of Nuclear Installations, Volume 2014, Article ID 890316, 7 pages.
  41. Sarafraz, M. M., et al., Upward Flow Boiling to DI-Water and CuO Nanofluids Inside the Concentric Annuli, Journal of Applied Fluid Mechanics, 8, (2015), 4, pp. 651-659.
  42. Wang, Y., et al., A correlation of nanofluid flow boiling heat transfer based on the experimental results of AlN/H2O and Al2O3/H2O nanofluid, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 80 (2017), pp. 376-383.
  43. Abedini, E., et al., Experimental investigation and comparison of subcooled flow boiling of TiO2 nanofluid in a vertical and horizontal tube, Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, 227, (2012), 8, pp. 1-12.
  44. Xu, L., Xu, J., Nanofluid stabilizes and enhances convective boiling heat transfer in a single microchannel, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 55 (2012), 21-22, pp. 5673-5686.
  45. Abedini, E., et al., Numerical investigation of subcooled flow boiling of a nanofluid, International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 64 (2013), pp. 232-239.
  46. Kim, J., et al., Subcooled flow boiling heat transfer of dilute alumina, zinc oxide, and diamond nanofluids at atmospheric pressure, Nuclear Engineering and Design, 240 (2010), pp. 1186-1194.
  47. Lee, T., et al., Flow boiling critical heat flux characteristics of magnetic nanofluid at atmospheric pressure and low mass flux conditions, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 56 (2013), pp. 101-106.
  48. Lee, T., et al., Effects of two-phase flow conditions on flow boiling CHF enhancement of magnetite-water nanofluids, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 74 (2014), pp. 278-284.
  49. Sarafraz, M.M., Hormozi F., Forced Convective and Nucleate Flow Boiling Heat Transfer to Alumina Nanofluids, periodica polytechnic Chemical Engineering, 58 (2014), 1, pp. 37-46.
  50. Aminfar, H., et al., Experimental study on the effect of magnetic field on critical heat flux of ferrofluid flow boiling in a vertical annulus, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 58 (2014), pp. 156-169.
  51. Sarafraz, M.M., Hormozi F., Scale formation and subcooled flow boiling heat transfer of CuO-water nanofluid inside the vertical annulus, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 52 (2014), pp. 205-214.
  52. Moreira, T.A., et al., Flow boiling of nanofluids of water and Al2O3 inside a 1.1 mm round channel, procceding, 9th International Conference on Boiling and Condensation Heat Transfer, Boulder, Colo, USA, 2015.
  53. Setoodeh, h., et al., Subcooled flow boiling of alumina/water nanofluid in a channel with a hot spot: An experimental study, Applied Thermal Engineering, 90 (2015), pp. 384-394.
  54. Nikkhah, V., et al., Application of spherical copper oxide (II) water nano-fluid as a potential coolant in a boiling annular heat exchanger, Chem Bio chem Eng, 29 (2015), 3, pp. 405-415.
  55. Yu, L., et al., Flow boiling heat transfer and two-phase flow instability of nanofluids in a minichannel, Journal of Heat Transfer, 137 (2015), pp. 1-11.
  56. Paul G., et al., Assessment of the process of boiling heat transfer during rewetting of a vertical tube bottom flooded by alumina nanofluid, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 94 (2016), pp. 390-402.
  57. Wang, Y., Su G.H., experimental investigation on nanofluid flow boiling heat transfer in a vertical tube under different pressure condition, Experimental thermal and fluid science, 77 (2016), pp. 116-123.
  58. Zangeneh, A., et al., Experimental study of forced convection and subcooled flow boiling heat transfer in a vertical annulus using different novel functionalized ZnO nanoparticles, Applied Thermal Engineering, 109 (2016), pp. 789-802.
  59. Sarafraz, M.M., Hormozi F., Comparatively experimental study on the boiling thermal performance of metal oxide and multi-walled carbon nanotube nanofluids, Powder Technology, 287 (2016), pp. 412-430.
  60. Abedini, E., et al., Experimental study of Transition Flow from Single Phase to Two Phase flow boiling in Nanofluids, Journal of Molecular Liquids, (2017), doi:10.1016/j.molliq.2017.01.049.
  61. Lee, S., et al., Study on flow boiling critical heat flux enhancement of graphene oxide/water nanofluid, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 65 (2013), pp. 348-356.
  62. Afranda, M., et al., Experimental investigation and simulation of flow boiling of nanofluids in different flow directions, Physica E, 87 (2017), pp. 248-253.
  63. Kamatchi, R., et al., Experimental investigation and mechanism of critical heat flux enhancement in pool boiling heat transfer with nanofluids, International journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 52 (2016), pp. 2357-2366.
  64. Ali, H.M., et al., Experimental investigation of nucleate pool boiling heat transfer enhancement of TiO2/ water based nanofluids, Applied Thermal Engineering, 113 (2017), pp. 1146-1151.
  65. He, Y., et al., Boiling heat transfer characteristics of ethylene glycol and water mixture based ZnO nanofluids in a cylindrical vessel, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 98 (2016), pp. 611-615.
  66. Rajabnia, H., et al., Experimental Investigation of Subcooled Flow Boiling of Water/ TiO2 Nanofluid In a Horizontal Tube, Thermal Science, 20 (2016), 1, pp. 99-108.
  67. Wang, Y., Wu, J., Numerical simulation on single bubble behavior during Al2O3/H2O nanofluids flow boiling using Moving Particle Simi-implicit method, Progress in Nuclear Energy, 85 (2015), pp. 130-139.
  68. Rana, K.B., et al., A visualization study of flow boiling Heat transfer with nanofluids, Journal of Visualization, 16 (2013), 2, pp. 133-143.
  69. Rana, K.B., et al., Measurement of void fraction in flow boiling of ZnO/ water nanofluids using image processing technique, Nuclear Engineering and Design, 270 (2014) , pp. 217-226.
  70. Collier, J. G. and Thome J. R., Convective Boiling and Condensation, Clarendon Press,Oxford, UK, 1994.
  71. Kandlikar, S. G., Development of a Flow Boiling Map for Subcooled and Saturated Flow Boiling of Different Fluids inside Circular Tubes, Journal of Heat Transfer, 113 (1991), pp.190-200.