THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

Thermal Science - Online First

online first only

Kinetic study of the pyrolysis and gasification of rosa multiflora and miscanthus giganteus biomasses via thermogravimetric analysis

ABSTRACT
the thermal behaviour of the rosa mutiflora (3groups: control; irradiated 3times/3sec and 3times/9sec by low power laser of wavelength 672 nm) and miscanthus giganteus (3 groups: r, v and z) biomass by thermogravimetric analysis was studied at heating rate 3 k/min-1 from ambient temperature to 950°C. tga tests were performed in high purity carbon dioxide (99.998%) with a flow rate 200 ml/min and 100 mg of sample, milled and sieved to a particle size below 250 μm. in contrast to the majority of the conducted examinations, which are carried out with the use of chars, the measurements were conducted for raw biomass. the kinetics parameters of the biomass conversion process were determined from the experimental data by integral methods (murray and white; senum and yang). the methods used have allowed distinguishing and analyzing the different stages of the process, i.e. the primary and secondary pyrolysis as well as gasification. both methods gave comparable results. the activation energy determined using more accurate senum and yang method ranged from 85 to 88 kj/mol (primary pyrolysis), from 29 to 32 kj/mol (secondary pyrolysis) and from 173 to 190 kj/mol (gasification) for rosa multiflora biomass and from 86 to 111 kj/mol (primary pyrolysis), from 22 to 25 kj/mol (secondary pyrolysis) and from 181 to 217 kj/mol (gasification) for miscanthus giganteus the pre-exponential factor was in the range of 5.95×106 to 13.05×106 min-1 (primary pyrolysis), 2.25 to 4.22 min-1 (secondary pyrolysis) and 13.96×106 to 1.18×108 min-1 (gasification) for rose multiflora biomass and 6.94×106 to 1.79×109 min-1 (primary pyrolysis), 0.88 to 1.62 min-1 (secondary pyrolysis) and 131.54×106 to 1.92×109 min-1 (gasification) for miscanthus giganteus biomass.
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2016-05-24
PAPER REVISED: 2017-05-16
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2017-05-22
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2017-06-04
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI160524130T
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