International Scientific Journal

Thermal Science - Online First

External Links

online first only

Simulation of heat transfer through woven fabrics based on the fabric geometry model

Numerical simulation is a rapid, effective and low cost method to predict the heat transfer performance of fabrics. However, in previous research fabrics are usually assumed to be a uniform plate. Here, geometry models of 5/3 satin weave, double plain weave and double twill glass fiber fabrics have been established based on the fabric thickness, yarn path and yarn cross-section shape. In the fabric unit, air occupies 60% to 80% by volume of the fabric unit. Therefore, the air in the fabric unit should be considered in the numerical simulation by finite element analysis. In this work, the fabric unit cells consisted of a yarn domain and an air domain. Based on the fabric unit cell model, the finite element method was used to predict the heat transfer through fabrics. The numerical temperature data are very close to the experiment data for glass fiber fabrics. Prediction results show that the temperature of 5/3 satin fabrics increase more rapidly than the double layer fabrics, and the heating rate of double twill fabric is lower than that for the double plain weave fabric, and they coincide well with the experiment data.
PAPER REVISED: 2017-05-10
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2017-05-10
  1. Alongi, J., et al., Current Emerging Techniques to Impart Flame Retardancy to Fabrics: An overview, Polym. Degrad. Stab., 106(2014),pp.138-149.
  2. Poon, C.K., et al., Effects of TiO2 and Curing Temperatures on Flame Retardant Finishing of Cotton,Carbohydr. Polym., 121(2015),pp. 457-467.
  3. Wan, X., et al., Heat Transfer Through Fibrous Assemblies Incorporating Reflective Interlayers, Int. J. Heat Mass Trans., 55 (2012),pp.8032-8037.
  4. Fan, J.T., et al., Modeling Heat and Moisture Transfer Through Fibrous Insulation with Phase Change and Mobile Condensates, Int. J. Heat Mass Trans., 45 (2002), pp.4045-4055.
  5. Sun,Y., et al., Study of Heat Transfer Through Layers of Textiles Using Finite Element Method, Int. J. Cloth. Sci. and Tech.,22 (2010),pp.161-173
  6. Gong, Y. R., et al., Numerical Simulation on Thermal Protection Properties of Textile Materials, Journal of Donghua University (Natural Science),36 (2010), pp.115-117
  7. Wang, M.R., et al., Lattice Boltzmann Modeling of the Effective Thermal Conductivity for Fibrous Materials, Int. J. Therm. Sci., 46(2007), pp.848-855
  8. Wang, M.R., et al., Predictions of Effective Physical Properties of Complex Multiphase Materials, Mater. Sci. Eng. R, 63 (2008), pp.1-30
  9. Wang, M.R., et al., Thermal Conductivity Enhancement of Carbon Fiber Composites, Appl. Therm. Eng., 29(2009), pp.418-421
  10. Chen, X.G., et al., Numerical and Experimental Investigations into Ballistic Performance of Hybrid Fabric Panels, Composites Part B, 58(2014), pp.35-42
  11. Tian, M.W., et al., Effects of Layering Sequence on Thermal Response of Multilayer Fibrous Materials: Unsteady-state Cases, Therm Fluid Sci., 41(2012), pp.143-148
  12. Cao, J., et al., Characterization of Mechanical Behavior of Woven Fabrics: Experimental Methods and Benchmark Results, Composites Part A, 13(2008), pp.1037-1053
  13. Suppakul, P., et al., The Effect of Weave Pattern on the Mode-I Interlaminar Fracture Energy of E-glass Vinyl Ester Composites, Compos. Sci. Technol., 62(2002), pp.709-717
  14. Wang, T., et al., Introduction to the Thermal and Humid Comfort and Evaluation Method, China Fiber Inspection, (2015), pp.74-76
  15. Zhang, C., Thermal Comfort and Climate in Clothing, Journal of Wu Han University of Science and Engineering, 18(2005), pp. 4-7
  16. Muhammad, O.R.S., et al., Finite Element Analysis of Thermal Conductivity and Thermal Resistance Behavior of Woven Fabric,Comput. Mater. Sci., 75(2013), pp.45-51
  17. Li, Y., et al., P-Smart—A Virtual System for Clothing Thermal Functional Design, Computer-Aided Design, 38(2006), pp.726-739
  18. Lin, H., et al., Finite Element Modelling of Fabric Compression, Modelling Simul. Mater. Sci. Eng., 16(2008), pp.1-16
  19. Wong, C.C., et al., Comparisons of Novel and Efficient Approaches for Permeability Prediction Based on the Fabric Architecture, Composites Part A 37(2006), pp. 847-857
  20. Sherburn, M., Geometric and Mechanical Modelling of Textiles. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Nottingham, UK, 2007
  21. Farnworth, B., Mechanisms of Heat Transfer Through Clothing Insulation, Textile Res.J., 53(1983), pp.717-725
  22. Yang, S.M., et al., Heat Transfer, Higher Education Press, Beijing, China,1999
  23. Incropera, F.P., et al., Fundamentals of Heat Transfer, 5th ed., Wiley Somerset, NJ, 2002
  24. Peirce, F.T., et al., The Transmission of Heat Through Textile Fabrics, Part II, J. Text. Inst., 37(1946), pp.181-204