International Scientific Journal


Heat and cooling stands out with the great potential in decarbonisation since they have a large share in the final energy consumption. Power-to-heat technologies may contribute to the heat sector decarbonisation as well as the integration of renewables if they are sufficiently flexible. They are also shown to have a good effect on the system costs. This work will analyse the potential of seawater heat pump system for the utilization of high share of electricity production from the renewables. The Old City of Dubrovnik is selected as a case study because of its specific situation. A large number of the outdoor units are not well approved by UNESCO since the Old City is under the protection of the UNESCO World Heritage Centre. The results of the study showed that the combination of wind and solar electricity production can cover 67% of load for stand-alone seawater heat pump system based on hourly time step. Utilization of renewable electricity generation, for this case, resulted in 433.71 tCO2/y emission reduction. System based on 10 minutes time step gave poorer results by 6%. System with the additional energy storage gained best results in the case of combined wind and solar electricity generation, as well. It resulted in storage capacity reduction by 78% ac-cording to the case of solar electricity generation and by 60% according to the wind electricity generation. Battery energy storage resulted in 40 times lower volume and 13 times higher investment costs and levelised cost of heat in comparison to the thermal energy storage.
PAPER REVISED: 2020-05-23
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2020-05-26
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