International Scientific Journal

Authors of this Paper

External Links


Non-smooth surface of a nano or micro-scale fiber has an extremely large surface area and a tremendously high surface energy (geometric potential). This paper focuses on the formation mechanism of fabrication of a non-smooth surface by electrospinning through controlling solvent evaporation and nanoscale adhesion of nanoparticles on the surface. Poly(vinylidene fluoride), multi-wall carbon nanotubes and a binary solvent system are adopted in the experiment to elucidate how to fabricate nanoscale porous nanofibers and lotus-surface-like nanofibers. A nanoparticle's vibration near its equilibrium is also discussed, which also affects greatly the surface morphology.
PAPER REVISED: 2019-08-28
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2019-08-28
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
  1. Tian, D., et al., Geometrical Potential and Nanofiber Membrane's Highly Selective Adsorption Property, Adsorption Science & Technology, 37 (2019), 5-6, pp. 367-388
  2. Fan, J., et al., Explanation of the Cell Orientation in a Nanofiber Membrane by the Geometric Potential Theory, Results in Physics, 15 (2019), 102537
  3. Li, X. X., et al., Nanoscale Adhesion and Attachment Oscillation Under the Geometric Potential, Part 1: The formation Mechanism of Nanofiber Membrane in the Electrospinning, Results in Physics, 12 (2019), Mar., pp. 1405-1410
  4. Zhou, C. J., et al., What Factors Affect Lotus Effect? Thermal Science, 22 (2018), 4, pp. 1737-1743
  5. Yang, Z. P., et al., On the Cross-Section of Shaped Fibers in the Dry Spinning Process: Physical Explanation by the Geometric Potential Theory, Results in Physics, 14 (2019), 102347
  6. Tian, D., Strength of Bubble Walls and the Hall-Petch Effect in Bubble-Spinning, Textile Research Journal, 89 (2019), 7, pp. 1340-1344
  7. Tian, D., et al., Hall-Petch Effect and Inverse Hall-Petch Effect: A Fractal Unification, Fractals, 26 (2018), 6, 1850083
  8. Liu, Z., et al., Humidity-Induced Porous Poly(Lactic Acid) Membrane with Enhanced Flux for Oil-Water Separation, Adsorption Science & Technology, 37 (2019), 5-6, pp. 389-400
  9. Liu, L. G., et al., Electrospun Polysulfone/Poly(Lactic Acid) Nanoporous Fibrous Mats for Oil Removal from Water, Adsorption Science & Technology, 37 (2019), 5-6, pp. 438-450
  10. Li, Y., et al., Glass Fiber Separator Coated by Porous Carbon Nanofiber Derived from Immiscible PAN/PMMA for High-Performance Lithium-Sulfur Batteries, Journal of Membrane Science, 552 (2018), Apr., pp. 31-42
  11. Liu, F. J., et al., Fabrication of Highly Oriented Nanoporous Fibers Via Airflow Bubble-Spinning, Applied Surface Science, 421 (2017), Nov., pp. 61-67
  12. He, J. H., et al. Review on Fiber Morphology Obtained by Bubble Electrospinning and Blown Bubble Spinning, Thermal Science, 16 (2012), 5, pp. 1263-1279
  13. Liu, L. G., et al., Solvent Evaporation in a Binary Solvent System for Controllable Fabrication of Porous Fibers by Electrospinning, Thermal Science, 21 (2017), 4, pp. 1821-1825
  14. Zhao, L., et al., Sudden Solvent Evaporation in Bubble Electrospinning for Fabrication of Unsmooth Nanofibers, Thermal Science, 21 (2017), 4, pp. 1827-1832
  15. Peng, N. B., et al., A Rachford-Rice-Like Equation for Solvent Evaporation in the Bubble Electrospinning, Thermal Science, 22 (2018), 4, pp. 1679-1683
  16. Zhou, C. J., et al., Silkworm-Based Silk Fibers by Electrospinning, Results in Physics, 15 (2019), Dec., 102646
  17. Zhao, J. H., et al., Needle's Vibration in Needle-Disk Electrospinning Process: Theoretical Model and Experimental Verification, Journal of Low Frequency Noise, Vibration and Active Control, 38 (2019), 3-4, pp. 1338-1344
  18. Liu, Z., et al., Needle-disk Electrospinning Inspired by Natural Point Discharge, Journal of Materials Science, 52 (2017), 4, pp. 1823-1830
  19. Li, Y., He, J. H., Fabrication and Characterization of ZrO2 Nanofibers by Critical Bubble Electrospinning for High-Temperature-Resistant Adsorption and Separation, Adsorption Science & Technology, 37 (2019), 5-6, pp. 425-437
  20. Tian, D., He, J. H., Macromolecular Electrospinning: Basic Concept & Preliminary Experiment, Results in Physics, 11 (2018), Dec., pp. 740-742
  21. Tian, D., et al., Macromolecule Orientation in Nanofibers, Nanomaterials, 8 (2018), 11, 918
  22. Tian, D., et al., Self-Assembly of Macromolecules in a Long and Narrow Tube, Thermal Science, 22 (2018), 4, pp. 1659-1664
  23. He, J. H., Ji, F. Y., Taylor Series Solution for Lane-Emden Equation, Journal of Mathematical Chemistry, 57 (2019), 8, pp. 1932-1934
  24. Anjum, N., He, J. H., Laplace Transform: Making the Variational Iteration Method Easier, Applied Mathematics Letters, 92 (2019), June, pp. 134-138
  25. Nawaz, Y., et al., An Effective Modification of He's Variational Approach to a Non-linear Oscillator, Journal of Low Frequency Noise, Vibration and Active Control, 38 (2019), 3-4, pp. 1013-1022
  26. He, J. H., Sun, C., A Variational Principle for a Thin Film Equation, Journal of Mathematical Chemistry. 57 (2019), 9, pp. 2075-2081
  27. He, J. H. A Modified Li-He's Variational Principle for Plasma, International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow, On-line first,, 2019
  28. He, J. H., Variational Principle for the Generalized KdV-Burgers Equation with Fractal Derivatives for Shallow Water Waves, J. Appl. Comput. Mech., 6 (2020), 4, pp. 735-740
  29. He, J. H., Hamilton's Principle for Dynamical Elasticity, Applied Mathematics Letters, 72 (2017), Oct., pp. 65-69
  30. Wu,Y., He, J. H., Homotopy Perturbation Method for Non-linear Oscillators with Co-ordinate Dependent mass, Results in Physics, 10 (2018), Sept., pp. 270-271
  31. He, J. H., The Simplest Approach to Non-linear Oscillators, Results in Physics, 15 (2019), 102546
  32. He, J. H., The Simpler, the Better: Analytical Methods for Non-linear Oscillators and Fractional Oscillators, Journal of Low Frequency Noise, Vibration and Active Control, 38 (2019), 3-4, pp. 1252-1260
  33. Yang, F., Xue, M. Q., Facile Solvothermal Preparation and Tribological Performance of PbSe Nanoparticles, Micro and Nanosystems, 11 (2019), 1, pp. 34-39
  34. Kurapov, Y., et al., Synthesis of Copper and Silver Nanoparticles by Molecular Beam Method, Micro and Nanosystems, 10 (2018), 2, pp. 148-157
  35. He, J. H., Ji, F. Y., Two-Scale Mathematics and Fractional Calculus for Thermodynamics, Thermal Science, 23 (2019), 4, pp. 2131-2133
  36. Ain, Q. T., He, J. H., On Two-Scale Dimension and Its Applications, Thermal Science, 23 (2019), 3B, pp. 1707-1712
  37. He, J. H., Fractal Calculus and Its Geometrical Explanation, Results in Physics, 10 (2018), Sept., pp. 272-276
  38. He, J. H., A Simple Approach to One-Dimensional Convection-Diffusion Equation and Its Fractional Modification for E Reaction Arising in Rotating Disk Electrodes, Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 854 (2019), 113565
  39. He, C. H., et al., Fangzhu: An Ancient Chinese Nanotechnology for Water Collection from Air: History, Mathematical Insight, Promises and Challenges, Mathematical Methods in the Applied Sciences, On-line first,, 2020

© 2020 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence