THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

REVIEW OF THE INVESTIGATIONS OF PULVERIZED COAL COMBUSTION PROCESSES IN LARGE POWER PLANTS IN LABORATORY FOR THERMAL ENGINEERING AND ENERGY: PART B

ABSTRACT
Paper presents short review of research problems, applied methods for solving problems and main results obtained by the researchers in Laboratory for Thermal Engineering and Energy (LTE) of the "Vinča" Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia dealing with pulverized coal combustion processes and technologies for reduction of pollutions problems at thermal power plants in a period since 2000. The presented results were published in numerous studies realized for different users, Ph. D., Masters, and Specialist thesis, in international and domestic scientific journals and monographs, presented at numerous international and domestic scientific conferences, etc. Presented research projects and results of applied research projects realized at pulverized coal combustion thermal power plants clearly show that LTE team was involved in key activities of rehabilitation and modernization, including implementation of best available technologies for pollution reduction at thermal power plants, in the region of South East Europe. [Project of the Serbian Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Grant no. III42010, Grant no. III42011, Grant no. TR33050 and Grant no. TR33042]
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2019-10-01
PAPER REVISED: 2019-12-15
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2019-12-16
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2020-01-26
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI19S5611R
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2019, VOLUME 23, ISSUE Supplement 5, PAGES [S1611 - S1626]
REFERENCES
  1. ***, Initial National Communication of the Republic of Serbia under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Editors: D. Božanić, M. Gasperič, Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade, Nov., 2010 unfccc.int/resource/docs/natc/srbnc1.pdf
  2. Stefanović, P. Lj., et al., Evaluation of Kolubara Lignite Carbon Emission Characteristics, Thermal Science, 16 (2012), 3, pp. 805-816
  3. Spasojević, V. D., et al., Evaluation of Kostolac Lignite Carbon Emission Characteristics, CD Proceedigins, 18th Symposium on Thermal Science and Engineering of Serbia, Sokobanja, Serbia, 2017, Session 8 Environmental Protection, Water, Air and Soil Quality Management, pp 78-86
  4. Stefanović, P. Lj., et al., Pljevlja Lignite Carbon Emission Characteristics, Thermal Science, 23 (2019), Suppl. 5, pp. S1523-S1531
  5. Stefanović, P. Lj., et al., Evaluation of Carbon Emission Factor for Lignite Bogutovo Selo, Ugljevik, CD Proceedings, VII Regional Conference Industrial Energy and Environmental Protection in South Eastern European Countries, 2019 Zlatibor Serbia, pp 159-168
  6. Stefanović, P., Cvetinović, D. et al., Study: Impact of Lignite Homogenization on TPP Nikola Tesla Energy Efficiency and Reduction of Environmental Pollution (in Serbian), NIV-LTE 458, Belgrade-Vinča, 2010
  7. Ninić, N., et. al., Development of Automatic Device for Direct Determination of Net Calorific Value of Lignite IBK-LTFT-73, 1977, (in Serbian)
  8. Stefanović, P. Lj., et al., Laboratory Analysis of Representative Coal Samples from Kolubara Basin, NIV-LTE 369, Belgrade-Vinča 2008, NIV-LTE 402, Belgrade-Vinča 2009, NIV-LTE 467, Belgrade-Vinča 2010 (all in Serbian)
  9. Đurašević, M., et al., Natural Radioactivity in Lignite Samples from Open Pit Mines "Kolubara", Serbia - Risk Assessment, Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 87 (2014), May, pp.73-76
  10. Jovanović, M. P., An Estimate of Coal Blend Ashes Tendency to the Fouling and Slagging of boiler heating surfaces (in Serbian),Termotehnika, XXVII (2001), 1-4, pp. 11-24
  11. Jovanović, M. P., An Estimate of Coal Blend Ashes Tendency to the Fouling and Slagging of Boiler Heating Surfaces (in Serbian), M. Sc. thesis, Faculty of Mechanical Eng., University of Belgrade, Belgrade, 2001
  12. Mladenović, M., Choice of Criteria for Assessment of Domestic Lignite Tendency to Form Deposits on Power Production Boilers Heat Transfer Surfaces (in Serbian), M. Sc. thesis, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, 2005
  13. Mladenović, M., et al., Criteria Selection for the Assessment of Serbian Lignite Tendency to Form Deposits on Power Boilers Heat Transfer Surfaces, Thermal Science, 13 (2009), 4, pp 61-78
  14. Vučićević, B., Contribution to Solving the Problem of Determining Total Hemispherical Emittance of Deposits Created in Combustion of Domestic Lignite (in Serbian), M. Sc. thesis, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, 2004
  15. Saljnikov, A., et al., Spectroscopic Research on Infrared Emittance of Coal Ash Deposits, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 33 (2009), 8, pp. 1133-1141
  16. Stefanovic, P. Lj., The Development of Dynamic Methods of Measuring Dynamic Pressure Profile in a High Temperature Turbulent Flows (in Serbian), M. Sc. thesis, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, 1989
  17. Erić, M. D., Contribution to Investigation on Pulsatile Combustion in Utility Boilers (in Serbian), M. Sc. thesis, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, 2008
  18. Erić, M. D, et al., Investigation of Pressure Pulsation in the Furnace and Flue Gas Tract of the Pulverised Coal Combustion Utility Boiler, Thermal Science, 14 (2010), 1, pp. 261-270
  19. Cvetinović, D., et al., Pulsatile Combustion Investigation in the Flue Gas Tract of Utility Boilers, Proceedings, VII All-Russian Conference „Combustion Of Solid Fuel" (international participation), Novosibirsk, Russia, 2009, pp. 105-114
  20. Rajaković, Lj., et al., Corrosion in Thermal Power Plants of EPS (in Serbian), Monography 1, CIP 620.193, ISBN 86-83871-02-9, COBISS-ID 97696524 Codex Comerc, Belgrade 2002 (101 pages, in Serbian),
  21. Rajaković, Lj., et al., Corrosion Potential of Water in Thermal Power Plants of EPS (in Serbian), Monography 2, CIP 620.193:621.311.22, ISBN 86-83871-03-7, COBISS-ID 99587340 Codex Comerc, Belgrade 2002
  22. Stefanović, P. Lj., et al., Internal Deposits on Boiler TPP Kostolac B2 Water-Steam Tubes Before/After Chemical Cleaning and Quality Assessment According to VGB-R 513, NIV-LTE 514 (in Serbian), Belgrade-Vinča, 2012
  23. Stefanović, P. Lj., et al., Internal Deposits on Boiler TPP Kostolac B1 Water-Steam Tubes Before/After Chemical Cleaning and Quality Assessment According to VGB-R 513 (in Serbian), NIV-LTE 561-1/2, Belgrade-Vinča, 2015
  24. Stefanović, P. Lj., et al., Internal Deposits on Boiler TPP Kostolac A2 Water-Steam Tubes Before/After Chemical Cleaning and Quality Assessment According to VGB-R 513 (in Serbian), NIV-LTE 584-1/2, Belgrade-Vinča, 2015
  25. Radovanović, P. et al., Thermo-Technical Measurements, Inspection, and Thermal Calculations of the Boiler TPP Nikola Tesla A6 (in Serbian), Data Base for the 1st Preparation Phase for Power and Efficiency Increase of the Unit. NIV-LTE 335, Belgrade-Vinča, 2006
  26. Radovanović, P. et al., Numerical Analysis of Stationary Louver Impact on Coal Dust Distribution in Burner Channels (in Serbian), NIV-LTE 367, Belgrade-Vinča, 2008
  27. Živković, G. et al., Numerical Simulation of the Influence of Stationary Louver and Coal Particle Size on Distribution of Pulverized Coal to the Feed Ducts of a Power Plant Burner, Thermal Science, 13 (2009), 4, pp. 79-90
  28. Radovanović, P. et al., Thermo-Technical Measurements, Inspection, and Thermal Calculations of the Boiler TPP Nikola Tesla A6 (in Serbian), Data Base for the Second Preparation Phase for Power and Efficiency Increase of the Unit. NIV-LTE 370, Belgrade-Vinča, 2008
  29. Radovanović, P. et al., Thermo-Technical Measurements, Inspection, and Thermal Calculations of the Boiler TPP Nikola Tesla A6 (in Serbian), Data Base on Mills and Boiler Measurements in 2009, for the Preparation for Power and Efficiency Increase of the Unit. NIV-LTE 414, Belgrade-Vinča, 2009
  30. Radovanović, P. et al., Thermo-Technical Measurements of the Unit A6 TPP Nikola Tesla, for the Power and Efficiency Increase of the Unit During Main Refurbishment - Phase II (in Serbian). NIV-LTE 456, Belgrade-Vinča, 2010
  31. Radovanović, P. et al., Thermo-Technical Measurements of the Equipment at Unit A6 TPP Nikola Tesla After Refurbishment and Modernization in 2008 and 2010 (Calculations and Optimization of the Boiler BB1050 - in Serbian), NIV-LTE 487, Belgrade-Vinča, 2011
  32. Radovanović, P. et al., Guarantee and Additional Measurements of the Boiler at Unit A6 TPP Nikola Tesla (in Serbian), NIV-LTE 483, Belgrade-Vinča, 2011
  33. Pavlović, P., et al., Plazma Sistem za Podršku Vatre na Bloku 210 MW, TE Nikola Tesla - Idejno Tehničko Rešenje (in Serbian), Tehnika TENT 2000, 55 (2000), 4-5, pp. 145-154
  34. Belošević, S., et al., Simulation of Utility Boiler Pulverized Coal Fire Start UP for the Purpose of the Process Optimization, Proceedings, 2nd International Conference on Applied Thermodynamics ATC'05, Istanbul, Turkey, 2005, pp. 205-212
  35. Kostić, Ž., G., et al., Thermodynamic Consideration of the Plasma-Chemical Coal Gasification for Startup and Fire Stabilization in Thermal Power Plant Furnace, Proceedings, Int. Conference on Physics of Low Temperature Plasma PLTP-03, 2003, Kiev, Navchalna Knyga, Ukraina, pp. 3-27-31-p
  36. Stefanović, P., et al., Low Temperature Plasma System for Combustion Support at Thermal Power Plants Fired by Pulverized Coal, CD Proceedings, 18th International Symposium on Plasma Chemistry, 2007, Kyoto University, Japan, Paper No. 00806 pp.1-4
  37. Živković, N. V., et al., Numerical Analysis of the Flue Gas-Coal Particles Mixture Flow in Burner's Distribution Channels with Regulation Shutters at the TPP Nikola Tesla - A1 Utility Boiler, Thermal Science, 14 (2010), 2, pp. 505-520
  38. Živković, N. V., Two-Phase Flow in the Mill Channel with Shutters for Implementation of Plasma System for Combustion Stabilization at the Thermal Power Plant "Nikola Tesla-A1, 210 MW (in Serbian), M. Sc. thesis, Mechanical Faculty, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, 2008
  39. Jovanović, R. D., et al., Novel Fragmentation Model for Pulverized Coal Particles Gasification in Low Temperature Air Thermal Plasma, Thermal Science, 20 (2016), Suppl. 1., pp. S207-S221
  40. Marković, Z. J., Assesment Results of Fluid-Structure Interaction Numerical Simulation Using Fuzzy Logic, Thermal Science, 20 (2016), Suppl. 1., pp. S235-S250
  41. Marković, Z. J., Interaction Between Fluid and Thin-Walled Structure of Closed Contour (in Serbian), UDC: 532/533:517.9:519.6(043.3), Ph. D. thesis, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, 2016
  42. Jovanović, R., et al., Numerical Investigation of Influence of Homogeneous/Heterogeneous Ignition/Combustion Mechanisms on Ignition Point Position During Pulverized Coal Combustion in Oxygen Enriched and Recycled Flue Gases Atmosphere, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 54 (2011), 4, pp 921-931
  43. Jovanović, R., et al., Sensitivity Analysis of Different Devolatilisation Models on Predicting Ignition Point Position During Pulverized Coal Combustion in O2/N2 and O2/CO2 Atmospheres, Fuel, 101 (2012), Nov., pp 23-37
  44. Jovanović, R., et al., Numerical Investigation of Pulverized Coal Jet Flame Characteristics Under Different Oxy-Fuel Conditions, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 58 (2013), 1-2, pp. 654-662
  45. Jovanović, R., et al., Sensitivity Analysis of Different Kinetic Factors for Numerical Modeling of Serbian Lignite Devolatilization Process, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 72 (2014), 1-2, pp. 489-500
  46. Jovanović, R. D., Aerodynamical Characteristics of Turbulent Thermal Processes Inside Swirl Burners (in Serbian), Ph. D. thesis, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, 2014
  47. Jovanović, R. D. , et al., Lattice Monte Carlo Simulation of Single Coal Char Particle Combustion Under Oxy-Fuel Conditions, Fuel, 151 (2015), July, pp 172-181
  48. ***, Demonstration of Direct Solid Recovered Fuel (SRF) (Co)Combustion in Pulverized Fuel Power Plants and Implementation of a Sustainable Waste-To-Energy Technology in Large Scale Energy Production, RECOFUEL Project no. TREN/04/FP6EN/S07.32813/503184, 2008, Brussels
  49. Radovanović, P., et al., DGS-130 Mill Measurement During SRF Co-Combustiuon Trial in TPP Weisweiler, Germany, NIV-LTE 294, Belgrade-Vinča, 2005
  50. Radovanović, P. et al., TPP Ville Berrenrath SRF Dozing System Calibration (A Part of the Complex SRF Cocombustion Trial in RWE TPP Ville Berrenrath, Germany), 2007
  51. Radovanović, P. et al., Previous Studies of the Needs and Techno-Economic Aspects use of the Renewable Fuels in the Processes of Co-combustion with Coal in Thermal Power Plants in PE Electric Power Industry of Serbia (in Serbian), NIV-LTE 500, Belgrade-Vinča, 2012
  52. Radovanović, P. et al., Opportunities of Solid Renewable Fuels For (Co-)Combustion with Coal in Power Plants in Serbia, Thermal Science, 18 (2014), 2, pp: 631-644
  53. Oka, S. N., Jovanović, Lj., Biomass in Energetics, Biomass as Renewable Energy Source (in Serbian), Edited by Yugoslav Society of Thermal Engineers, Belgrade, 1997
  54. Ilić, M., et al., The State of Biomass Energy in Serbia, Thermal Science, 8, (2004), 2, pp: 5-19
  55. Stefanović, P., et al., Study: PE Electric Power Industry of Serbia 2020 GHG Emission Assessment (in Serbian), NIV-LTE 492, Belgrade-Vinča, 2012
  56. Radovanović, P., et al., Acceptance and Other Testing of 110 MWe Turbine 6 at TPP Kakanj (Bosnia and Herzegovina), NIV-LTE 505 (in Serbian), Belgrade-Vinča, 2012
  57. Radovanović, P., et al., Determination of Specific Heat Consumption of Unit 6 (110 MWe) at TPP Kakanj (Bosnia and Herzegovina), NIV-LTE 520 (in Serbian), Belgrade-Vinča, 2013
  58. Radovanović, P., et al., Determination of Specific Heat Consumption of Unit 5 (110 MWe) at TPP Tuzla (Bosnia and Herzegovina), NIV-LTE 550 (in Serbian), Belgrade-Vinča, 2013
  59. Cvetinović, D., et al., Thermo-Technical Measurements of the Unit B1 at TPP Nikola Tesla According to Normative Measurement Method (in Serbian), NIV-LTE 557, Belgrade-Vinča, 2014
  60. Nikolić, A., et al., MENEF Study: Analysis of the Potentials and Program for Organized Monitoring and Improvement of Energy Efficiency in Coal Mining, Heat and Power Generation and Distribution in PE Electric Power Industry of Serbia (in Serbian), Editor: Electrical Eng. Institute „Nikola Tesla", Belgrade, 2014
  61. Stefanović, P., et al., Study: Analysis of the Conditions and Possibilities of Lignite Pre-Drying Implementation in TPP of PE Electric Power Industry of Serbia for Energy Efficiency Improvement and Reduction of Environmental Pollution (in Serbian), NIV-LTE 469, Belgrade-Vinča, 2011
  62. Stakić, M., et al., Convective Drying of Particulate Solids - Packed vs. Fluid Bed Operation, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 59 (2013), Apr., pp. 66-74
  63. Erić, M., et al., Fluid Bed Drying as Upgrading Technology for Feasible Treatment of Kolubara Lignite, Thermal Science, 20 (2016), Suppl. 1., pp.S167-S181
  64. Erić, M. D., Drying Processes of Lignite with High Moisture Content in Packed and Fluidized Bed (in Serbian), Ph. D. thesis, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, 2016
  65. Erić, M., et al., Verification of Particle Matter Emission Reduction After Modernization Electrostatic Precipitators at Units A1, A2, A4 TPP Nikola Tesla (in Serbian), Termotehnika, XXXVI, (2010), 1, pp. 173-180
  66. Stefanović, P., et al., Particulate Emission Guarantee Test A of the Upgraded ESP at Unit A6 of TPP Nikola Tesla, Obrenovac (in Serbian), NIV-LTE 490, Belgrade-Vinča, 2011, Test B NIV-LTE 534, Belgrade-Vinča, 2013
  67. Stefanović, P., et al., Particulate Emission Guarantee Test A of the Upgraded ESP at Unit B1 of TPP Nikola Tesla B, NIV-LTE 529, Belgrade-Vinča, 2013, Test B NIV-LTE 548, Belgrade-Vinča, 2014
  68. Stefanović, P., et al., Particulate Emission Guarantee Test B of the Upgraded ESP at Unit B2 of TPP Nikola Tesla, Obrenovac, NIV-LTE 524, Belgrade-Vinča, 2013
  69. Erić, M. D., et al. Determination of ESP Efficiency, Unit No. B1, TPP Afsin-Elbistan, Turkey, NIV-LTE 568, Belgrade-Vinča, 2015
  70. Stefanović, P., et al., Guarantee Test A of the Upgraded ESP at TPP Ugljevik, BiH, NIV-LTE 631, Belgrade-Vinča, 2018, Test B NIV-LTE 646, Belgrade-Vinča, 2019
  71. Erić, M. D., et al., Results of the Modernization of the Electrostatic Precipitator at unit B1 of the TPP Kostolac B, Thermal Science, 22 (2018), Suppl. 5, pp. S1623-S1634
  72. Stefanović, P., et al., Velocity Distribution Measurement in the Cross Section of the ESP Chamber, TPP Ugljevik BiH, NIV-LTE 620, Belgrade-Vinča, 2017, and NIV-LTE 644, Belgrade-Vinča, 2018
  73. Marković, Z., et al., Problem of Gas Distribution in Electrostatic Precipitators of Unit A4 in TPP Nikola Tesla, SimTerm 2019, Proceedings, 19th International Conference on Thermal Science and Engineering of Serbia, Sokobanja, Serbia, 2019
  74. Stefanović, P., et al., Special Measurements at Boiler Unit B2, TPP Kostolac B (in Serbian), NIV-LTE 650, Belgrade-Vinča, 2019, ISBN 78-86-6055-124-7, pp. 470-485
  75. Radovanović, P., et al., DGS-100 Mill Measurements at 2 Upgraded Mills at TPP Nikola Tesla Unit A3, (Mill Performance and Supporting Tests), NIV-LTE 327 (in Serbian), Belgrade-Vinča, 2006
  76. Radovanović, P., et al.,Tests of Mills DGS-100 and their Influence to the Combustion Process and Boiler Operation at Unit A3 at TPP Nikola Tesla (in Serbian), NIV-LTE 411, Belgrade-Vinča, 2009
  77. Radovanović, P., et al., DGS 100 Mills Measurements - TPP Nikola Tesla, Unit A3 (305 MW), (Mills Performance and Supporting Tests), NIV-LTE 463-1, Belgrade-Vinča 2010
  78. Radovanović, P., et al., DGS 100 Mills Measurements - TPP Nikola Tesla, Unit A4 (308 MW), (Mills Performance and Supporting Tests), NIV-LTE 491, Belgrade-Vinča, 2011
  79. Radovanović, P., et al., DGS 100 Mills Measurements - TPP Nikola Tesla, Unit A5 (308 MW), (Mills Performance and Supporting Tests), NIV-LTE 553, Belgrade-Vinča, 2014
  80. Radovanović, P., et al., Low NOx and CO Emission Performance Test, Unit A5, TPP Nikola Tesla A, NIV-LTE 552, Vinča, 2014, NIV-LTE 591, Belgrade-Vinča, 2016
  81. Radovanović, P., et al., Low NOx and CO Emission Performance Test A, Unit A3, TPP Nikola Tesla A, NIV-LTE 579, Vinča, 2015, and Test B NIV-LTE 601, Belgrade-Vinča, 2016
  82. Cvetinović, D., et al., Low NOx Acceptance Test, TPP Nikola Tesla A, Unit A4, NIV-LTE 641/2, Belgrade-Vinča, 2018
  83. Cvetinović, D., et al., Performance Test TPP Šoštanj, Unit A5, Slovenija Proving Guaranteed Parameters - Low NOx Secondary Measures (SNCR) NIV-LTE 645, Belgrade-Vinča, 2019
  84. ***, See-Era.Net Plus Joint Call PROJECT. Project No. See Era Plus-093: "Supporting Common RTD Actions in WBCs for Developing Low Cost and Low Risk ICT Based Solutions for TPPs Energy Efficiency Increasing (WBalkICT)", Participant 2010-2013
  85. Mikulandrić, R. A., et al., Improvement of Environmental Aspects of Thermal Power Plant Operation by Advanced Control Concept, Thermal Science, 16 (2012), 3, pp. 759-772
  86. Mikulandrić, R., et al., Improvement of Existing Coal Fired Thermal Power Plants Performance by Control Systems Modifications, Energy, 57 (2013), Mar., pp. 55-65

© 2020 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence