THERMAL SCIENCE

International Scientific Journal

RESULTS OF THE MODERNIZATION OF THE ELECTROSTATIC PRECIPITATOR AT UNIT B1 OF THE THERMAL POWER PLANT KOSTOLAC B

ABSTRACT
The electrostatic precipitator system of the lignite fired 350 MWe unit B1 of Thermal Power Plant Kostolac B has been modernized during 2014. The results of complex in site measurements, performed in the frame of performance control test at the beginning of the exploitation period of the upgraded electrostatic precipitator proved that, under normal and guarantee working conditions of the boiler and precipitator, the emission of particulate matter do not exceed limiting value. After the period of precipitator further adjustments, five series of measurements in the frame of acceptance test were performed in accordance with relevant standards. This paper presents results of the investigation of particulate matter concentration, laboratory analysis of the lignite, fly and bottom ash samples, working parameters of the unit and upgraded electrostatic precipitator as well as results of the calculations. The averaged mean particulate concentration at the exit of upgraded electrostatic precipitator of the unit B1 during Acceptance test was below guaranteed value. It is confirmed that adjustments of electrostatic precipitator electrical parameters have improved electrostatic precipitator efficiency, as well that electrostatic precipitator could work highly efficiently in energy save mode with lower power consumption. [Project of the Serbian Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development, Grant no. III42010 Reduction of Air Pollution from Thermal Power Plants of the PE Electric Power Industry of Serbia and Grant no. TR33050]
KEYWORDS
PAPER SUBMITTED: 2018-08-09
PAPER REVISED: 2018-10-29
PAPER ACCEPTED: 2018-10-31
PUBLISHED ONLINE: 2019-01-19
DOI REFERENCE: https://doi.org/10.2298/TSCI18S5623E
CITATION EXPORT: view in browser or download as text file
THERMAL SCIENCE YEAR 2018, VOLUME 22, ISSUE Supplement 5, PAGES [S1623 - S1634]
REFERENCES
  1. ***, Directive 2001/80/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2001 on the limitation of emissions of certain pollutants into the air from large combustion plants
  2. White, H. J., Electrostatic Precipitation of Fly Ash, Journal of the Air Pollution Control Association, 27 (1997), 1, pp. 15-22
  3. Reynolds, J. P., et al., Calculating Collection Efficiencies for Electrostatic Precipitators, Journal of the Air Pollution Control Association, 25 (1975), 6, pp. 610-616
  4. Saunders, L.,G., et al., Operation and Maintenance Manual for Electrostatic Precipitators, Report No. EPA/625/1-85/017, Air and Energy Engineering Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, New York, USA, 1985
  5. White, H. J., Electrical Resistivity of Fly Ash, Air Repair, 3 (1953), 2, pp. 79-86
  6. Swierczok, A., Jedrusik, M., The Collection Efficiency of ESP Model - Comparison of Experimental Results and Calculations using Deutsch Model, Journal of Electrostatics, 91 (2018), Feb., pp. 41-47
  7. Deutsch, W., Bewegung und Ladung der Elektrizitatstrager im Zylinderkondensator, Annalen der Physik, 373 (1992), 12, pp. 335-344
  8. Matts, S., Ohnfeldt, P. O., Efficient Gas Cleaning with S. F. Electrostatic Precipitators, Flakt. A. B. Swenska FlaktFabriken, June, 1973
  9. Lagarias, J. S., Predicting Performance of Electrostatic Precipitators, Journal of the Air Pollution Con-trol Association, 13, (1963), 12, pp. 595-599
  10. Back, A., Some Observations Regarding the Matts-Öhnfeldt Equation, Proceedings, International Sym-posium ICESP XIII, Bangalore, India, 2013
  11. Nielsen, N. F., Andersson, C., Electrode Shape and Collector Plate Spacing Effects on ESP Performance, in: Electrostatic Precipitation, (Ed. Yan K.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany, 2009
  12. Ning, Z., et al., Electrode Configurations Inside an Electrostatic Precipitator and their Impact on Collec-tion Efficiency and Flow Pattern, The European Physical Journal D, 70 (2016), June, pp. 126-?
  13. Jedrusik, M., et al., Physical and Numerical Modelling of Gas Flow in Electrostatic Precipitator, Prze-gląd Elektrotechniczny, 93 (2017), 2, pp. 228-231
  14. Shah, M. E., et al., Influence of the Inlet Velocity Profiles on the Prediction of Velocity Distribution In-side an Electrostatic Precipitator, Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 33 (2009), 2, pp. 322-328
  15. Vukosavić, S., High Frequency Power Supply for Electrostatic Precipitators in Thermal Power Plants, Electronics, 15 (2011), 1, pp. 11-20
  16. Gavrić, M., et al., Green Book of the Electric Power Industry of Serbia, (in Serbian), Belgrade, Serbia, 2009, www.eps.rs
  17. Oka, S., Strategy of Energy Sector Development in the Republic of Serbia until 2015, (in Serbian), Ter-motehnika, 31 (2005), 1-2, pp. 13-70
  18. Erić, M., et al., Particulate Matter Emission Investigation on the Upgraded Elecrostatic Precipitators at TPP Nikola Tesla, Proceedings, 15th Symposium on Thermal Science and Engineering of Serbia, Soko Banja, Serbia, 2011, pp. 568-577
  19. Erić, M., et al., Reduction of Particulate Matter Emission of the Upgraded Electrostatic Precipitators at Unit B2 of the TPP Nikola Tesla, Proceedings,16th Symposium on Thermal Science and Engineering of Serbia, Soko Banja, Serbia, 2013, pp. 750-757
  20. *** Interinstitutional File: 2013/0443 (COD), Council of the European Union, data.consilium.europa.eu/doc/document/ST-10607-2016-INIT/en/pdf
  21. Erić, M., Reduction of Particulate Matter Emission by the Modernization of the Electrostatic Precipita-tors at Unit B1 of the TPP Kostolac B, Proceedings, 17th Symposium on Thermal Science and Engineer-ing of Serbia, Sokobanja, Serbia, 2015, pp. 569-576
  22. Kim, S. H., Lee, K. W., Experimental Study of Electrostatic Precipitator Performance and Comparison with Existing Theoretical Prediction Models, Journal of Electrostatics, 48 (1999), 1, pp. 3-25
  23. *** VDI 3678 Part 1 Electrostatic Precipitators - Process and Waste Gas Cleaning, Verein Deutcher In-genieure e.V., Dusseldorf, 2011, (in English)
  24. Navarrete, B., et al., Influence of Plate Spacing and Ash Resistivity on the Efficiency of Electrostatic Precipitators, Journal of Electrostatics, 39 (1997), pp. 65-81

© 2019 Society of Thermal Engineers of Serbia. Published by the Vinča Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Belgrade, Serbia. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 International licence